Make, in connection with the distribution or promotion of a soil or plant additive, any performance, use or efficacy claim:
Which exceeds the authorization of a permit issued for distribution of the soil or plant additive under this section;
Which is inconsistent with the product label; or
Without having scientific substantiation for the claim at the time the claim is made.
Make any false, deceptive or misleading statement in a permit application or in a report or other document submitted to the department under this section.
Distribute a soil or plant additive under a label which has not been filed with the department.
Imply or directly state that the department endorses or warrants the efficacy of a soil or plant additive.
Inspection, sampling and analysis. 94.65(8)(a)
The department may inspect, sample and analyze a soil or plant additive distributed in this state and investigate possible violations of this section and of rules promulgated under this section.
The department may enter at all reasonable times any building, conveyance or premises used in the manufacture or distribution of soil or plant additives in this state to inspect or sample a soil or plant additive.
Upon request of the department, a distributor of a soil or plant additive shall provide the department with a product sample, copy of advertising or label or any other data or information concerning the composition of the soil or plant additive or concerning any claim or representation made in connection with the soil or plant additive.
The department may promulgate rules to implement and administer this section.
If the department has reasonable cause to believe that a soil or plant additive is being distributed in this state in violation of this section or of rules promulgated under this section, the department may serve a written order upon the owner or custodian of the soil or plant additive, temporarily prohibiting the distribution or movement of the product, pending further inspection, sampling or laboratory analysis. No person may distribute or move for any purpose the soil or plant additive described in the temporary holding order while the order is in effect unless the department has approved the distribution or movement.
The temporary holding order remains in effect for 60 days after the date of service, unless the order is terminated earlier by the department under subd. 3.
If the department determines that the distribution of the soil or plant additive does not violate this section or rules promulgated under this section, the department shall promptly terminate the temporary holding order by giving written notice to the owner or custodian.
If the department determines that the distribution of the soil or plant additive is in violation of this section or of rules promulgated under this section, the department may extend the order by serving written notice on the owner or custodian of the soil or plant additive. No person may distribute, move or dispose of the soil or plant additive described in the extended holding order unless the department has approved the distribution, movement or disposition.
An extended holding order remains in effect until the department and the owner or custodian of the soil or plant additive have agreed on conditions of final disposition of the soil or plant additive or until the department authorizes or directs other disposition.
Right to hearing.
Holding orders under pars. (a)
are subject to a right of hearing before the department if a request for hearing is made within 10 days after the date of service of the notice of the temporary or extended holding order.
Upon petition of the department, any court having equity jurisdiction may grant an injunction or order under s. 813.025 (2)
for any violation of this section or of rules promulgated under this section.
Any person who violates this section or a rule promulgated under this section shall forfeit not more than $500 for each violation.
Any person who willfully violates this section shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than one year in the county jail or both. Restitution shall be in accordance with s. 973.20
, except that an injured party shall receive the amount determined under s. 973.20
Any person suffering damages because of a violation of this section by another person may sue for damages in any court of competent jurisdiction and may recover twice the amount of the proven loss, together with costs including reasonable attorney fees, notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1)
Sale of agricultural lime; license; penalty. 94.66(1)(1)
Unless the context requires otherwise:
“Liming material" means any material which contains calcium or calcium and magnesium compounds, is capable of neutralizing soil acidity and is manufactured, sold or distributed for the purpose of neutralizing soil acidity or liming barns. “Liming material" includes any form of limestone, quicklime, hydrated lime, marl, paper mill refuse lime, blast furnace slag or mine tailings.
“Person" means an individual, firm, association, limited liability company, corporation or county.
No person may engage in the business of selling or distributing liming material in this state without first obtaining a license therefor from the department unless the person is engaged in the business of selling or distributing such product produced by another already licensed to do business under this section.
Application for license shall be made upon forms furnished upon request by the department and shall state the applicant's name and business address, the exact location of places of manufacture of the applicant's products, a description of the products that are to be sold, and any other information that the department requires. An application may be amended upon written notice from the applicant.
Each application shall be accompanied by a fee of $10.
Licenses to engage in the selling or distribution of liming material shall expire on December 31 next following date of issue.
Every person engaged in the business of selling or distributing liming material shall furnish each purchaser on final delivery of a lot or order of liming material a written statement showing total amount delivered in tons and the grade thereof as defined in par. (b)
. A written statement setting forth the grade of the liming material being transported shall accompany each vehicle when making delivery. All liming material shall be distributed on a scale weight basis, except that where no weighing facilities are readily available and on prior approval of the department, liming materials may be distributed by volume if each vehicle transporting liming materials is accurately and conspicuously marked to show cubic yard capacity from which the seller must guarantee a ton weight equivalent based on rules established by the department. This paragraph does not apply to marl or paper mill refuse lime as these materials are distributed on an equivalent cubic yard basis as prescribed by department rule.
“Neutralizing index" means the effectiveness of liming material to change soil acidity expressed as a whole number calculated by the following method. The summation of the following 3 quantities is obtained:
The percentage of material passing a U.S. standard 8 mesh sieve, but retained by a U.S. standard 20 mesh sieve is multiplied by 0.2;
The percentage of material passing a U.S. standard 20 mesh sieve, but retained by a U.S. standard 60 mesh sieve is multiplied by 0.6; and
The percentage of material passing a U.S. standard 60 mesh sieve is multiplied by 1.0.
This summation is multiplied by the calcium carbonate equivalent of the liming material under consideration to obtain the neutralizing index. The formula is: Neutralizing index = [(%8-20 mesh ×
0.2) + (%20-60 mesh ×
0.6) + (%finer than 60 mesh ×
% calcium carbonate equivalent.
“Index zones" means the classification of liming material into numerical ranges of neutralizing indexes.
All weights as called for under par. (a)
shall be expressed on the basis of not more than 8 percent of moisture. For the purposes of the specifications in par. (b)
, “calcium carbonate equivalent" means the acid neutralizing capacity of oven-dried material expressed as the percentage by weight of calcium carbonate. In addition to the grade designation, the actual screen analysis and neutralizing value may be given. Any misleading representation on the written statement of guarantee is unlawful.
The department shall enforce this section by inspectors, chemical analyses and other appropriate methods and for such purposes employees and agents of the department shall have free access during business hours to all places of business, buildings and vehicles used in the manufacture, transportation, sale or storage of liming material.
Except as provided in s. 93.135
, the department may revoke a license, after reasonable notice, only for willful failure to comply with any of the provisions of this section and in the event the license is revoked the licensee may have the order of revocation reviewed by the circuit court of the county wherein the producing plant is located and the review by the court shall be of all questions therein whether of fact or law; any such appeal must be taken within 20 days of the date of the service of the order of revocation upon the licensee.
A fee of one and one-quarter cent per ton on all liming materials, or the equivalent amount on marl and paper mill refuse lime, sold within the state, with a minimum fee of $1 shall be paid annually, for the preceding calendar year, on or before February 1 each year to the department by the licensee. These fees shall be used for research on liming materials or crop response thereto by the University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, for the dissemination of the results of such research, and for other activities that will tend to promote the correct usage of liming materials. In case the University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences is unable to carry on the recommended program the department may contract with another appropriate institution or agency.
See also s. ATCP 41.07
, Wis. adm. code.
“Active ingredient" means any ingredient which will:
Prevent, destroy, repel or mitigate pests;
Accelerate or retard the rate of growth or rate of maturation or otherwise alter the behavior of ornamental or crop plants or the product of the plants through physiological action;
Cause the leaves or foliage to drop from a plant; or
Artificially accelerate the drying of plant tissue.
“Agricultural commodity" means any plant or part of a plant, animal, or animal product produced by a person primarily for sale, consumption, propagation, or other use by humans or animals. “Agricultural commodity” includes hemp.
“Animal" means all vertebrate and invertebrate species, including but not limited to persons and other mammals, birds, fish and shellfish.
“Business location" means any place from which a commercial application business operates on a regular basis as a commercial applicator for hire, except that it does not include a motor vehicle that contains a mobile telephone unit which is used to take pesticide application orders.
“Certified applicator" means a private applicator certified by the department to use restricted-use pesticides or a commercial applicator certified by the department to use or direct the use of pesticides under s. 94.705
“Commercial application business" means a corporation, a limited liability company, a cooperative association, an unincorporated cooperative association, a partnership, a natural person doing business as a sole proprietor or other nongovernmental business entity that does either of the following:
Uses or directs the use of a restricted-use pesticide as a commercial applicator, either directly or through an employee.
“Commercial application business" does not include a veterinary clinic that uses or directs the use of a pesticide if the pesticide is used or directed to be used only by a veterinarian or veterinary technician while lawfully practicing within the scope of his or her license or certificate.
“Commercial applicator" means a person, whether or not a private applicator with respect to some uses, who uses or directs the use of any pesticide, either directly or through an employee, for any purpose or on any property other than as a private applicator. “Commercial applicator" does not include:
A person who applies a pesticide, other than a restricted-use pesticide, solely for household purposes in and around the person's residence.
A person who contracts with a commercial applicator for hire to apply a pesticide for the person, if the person does not otherwise use or direct the use of a pesticide as a commercial applicator.
A veterinarian or veterinary technician who uses or directs the use of a pesticide only while lawfully practicing within the scope of his or her license or certificate.
“Commercial applicator for hire" means a commercial applicator who uses or directs the use of a pesticide as an independent contractor for hire, either directly or through an employee. “Commercial applicator for hire" does not include a provider of janitorial, cleaning or sanitizing services if the provider of the services uses no pesticides other than sanitizers, disinfectants and germicides, or a veterinarian or veterinary technician who uses a pesticide only while lawfully practicing within the scope of his or her license or certificate.
“Dealer" means a person engaged in the sale of pesticides to consumers.
“Defoliant" means any pesticide labeled, designed or intended for use in causing the leaves or foliage to drop from a plant with or without causing abscission.
“Desiccant" means a pesticide labeled, designed or intended for use in artificially accelerating the drying of plant tissue.
“Directs the use" means to select a pesticide for use by another person or to instruct or control the application of a pesticide by another person and to be available if and when needed during that application. “Directs the use" may, but does not necessarily, mean to be physically present at the time and place a pesticide is being applied.
“Distributor" means a person engaged in the sale of pesticides for resale and includes a person who sells at wholesale or retail.
“Environment" includes water, air, land and all plants and persons and other animals living in or on the water, air or land and the interrelationships which exist among them.
“Federal act" means the federal insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide act, as amended (7 USC 136
et. seq.) and regulations issued under that act.
“Fungus" means any non-chlorophyll-bearing plant of a lower order than mosses and liverworts (thallophyte), including but not limited to rusts, smuts, mildews, molds and yeasts except those on or in persons or other animals and those on or in processed food, beverages or pharmaceuticals.
“Individual commercial applicator" means a natural person who does any of the following:
Personally uses or directs the use of any pesticide as a commercial applicator for hire, or as an employee of a commercial applicator for hire. This subdivision does not apply to a person performing janitorial, cleaning or sanitizing services if the person uses no pesticides other than sanitizers, disinfectants and germicides.
Personally uses a restricted-use pesticide as a commercial applicator.
“Individual commercial applicator" does not include a veterinarian or veterinary technician who uses or directs the use of a pesticide only while lawfully practicing within the scope of his or her license or certificate.
“Inert ingredient" means an ingredient which is not an active ingredient.
“Ingredient statement" means a statement which contains the name and percentage of each active ingredient and the total percentage of all inert ingredients in the pesticide; and if the pesticide contains arsenic in any form, a statement of the percentages of total and water soluble arsenic, calculated as elementary arsenic.
“Insect" means any of the numerous small invertebrate animals generally having the body segmented, usually belonging to the class insecta, comprising 6-legged, usually winged forms, including but not limited to beetles, bugs, bees and flies and other allied classes of arthropods whose members are wingless and usually have more than 6 legs, including but not limited to spiders, mites, ticks, centipedes and wood lice.
“Label" means the written, printed, or graphic matter on, or attached to, the pesticide or any of its containers or wrappers.