944.18(2)(c) (c) Organize, promote, conduct, or participate as an observer of an act involving sexual contact with an animal.
944.18(2)(d) (d) Permit sexual contact with an animal to be conducted on any premises under his or her ownership or control.
944.18(2)(e) (e) Photograph or film obscene material depicting a person engaged in sexual contact with an animal.
944.18(2)(f) (f) Distribute, sell, publish, or transmit obscene material depicting a person engaged in sexual contact with an animal.
944.18(2)(g) (g) Possess with the intent to distribute, sell, publish, or transmit obscene material depicting a person engaged in sexual contact with an animal.
944.18(2)(h) (h) Force, coerce, entice, or encourage a child who has not attained the age of 13 years to engage in sexual contact with an animal.
944.18(2)(i) (i) Engage in sexual contact with an animal in the presence of a child who has not attained the age of 13 years.
944.18(2)(j) (j) Force, coerce, entice, or encourage a child who has attained the age of 13 years but who has not attained the age of 18 years to engage in sexual contact with an animal.
944.18(2)(k) (k) Engage in sexual contact with an animal in the presence of a child who has attained the age of 13 years but who has not attained the age of 18 years.
944.18(3) (3)Penalties.
944.18(3)(a) (a) Any person who violates sub. (2) (a) to (g) is guilty of a Class H felony for the first violation and is guilty of a Class F felony for a 2nd or subsequent violation or if the act results in bodily harm to or the death of an animal. Any person who violates sub. (2) (h) or (i) is guilty of a Class F felony for the first violation and is guilty of a Class D felony for a 2nd or subsequent violation. Any person who violates sub. (2) (j) or (k) is guilty of a Class G felony for the first violation and is guilty of a Class E felony for a 2nd or subsequent violation.
944.18(3)(c) (c) If a person has been convicted under sub. (2), the sentencing court shall order, in addition to any other applicable penalties, all of the following:
944.18(3)(c)1. 1. That the person may not own, possess, reside with, or exercise control over any animal or engage in any occupation, whether paid or unpaid, at any place where animals are kept or cared for, for not less than 5 years or more than 15 years. In computing the time period, time which the person spent in actual confinement serving a criminal sentence shall be excluded.
944.18(3)(c)2. 2. That the person shall submit to a psychological assessment and participate in appropriate counseling at the person's expense.
944.18(3)(c)3. 3. That the person shall pay restitution to a person, including any local humane officer or society or county or municipal pound or a law enforcement officer or conservation warden or his or her designee, for any pecuniary loss suffered by the person as a result of the crime. This requirement applies regardless of whether the person is placed on probation under s. 973.09. If restitution is ordered, the court shall consider the financial resources and future ability of the person to pay and shall determine the method of payment. Upon application of an interested party, the court shall schedule and hold an evidentiary hearing to determine the value of any pecuniary loss, as defined in s. 951.18 (4) (a) 1., under this subdivision.
944.18(4) (4)Severability. The provisions of this section are severable, as provided in s. 990.001 (11).
944.18 History History: 2019 a. 162; s. 35.17 correction in (3) (a).
subch. IV of ch. 944 SUBCHAPTER IV
OBSCENITY
944.20 944.20 Lewd and lascivious behavior.
944.20(1)(1)Whoever does any of the following is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor:
944.20(1)(a) (a) Commits an indecent act of sexual gratification with another with knowledge that they are in the presence of others; or
944.20(1)(b) (b) Publicly and indecently exposes genitals or pubic area.
944.20(2) (2)Subsection (1) does not apply to a mother's breast-feeding of her child.
944.20 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1983 a. 17; 1989 a. 31; 1995 a. 165.
944.20 Annotation “Publicly" is susceptible to a construction that will avoid the question of constitutional overbreadth, by limiting the application of the statute to constitutionally permissible goals of protecting children from exposure to obscenity and preventing assaults on the sensibilities of unwilling adults in public. Reichenberger v. Warren, 319 F. Supp. 1237 (1970).
944.21 944.21 Obscene material or performance.
944.21(1)(1)The legislature intends that the authority to prosecute violations of this section shall be used primarily to combat the obscenity industry and shall never be used for harassment or censorship purposes against materials or performances having serious artistic, literary, political, educational or scientific value. The legislature further intends that the enforcement of this section shall be consistent with the first amendment to the U.S. constitution, article I, section 3, of the Wisconsin constitution and the compelling state interest in protecting the free flow of ideas.
944.21(2) (2)In this section:
944.21(2)(a) (a) “Community" means this state.
944.21(2)(am) (am) “Exhibit" has the meaning given in s. 948.01 (1d).
944.21(2)(b) (b) “Internal revenue code" has the meaning specified in s. 71.01 (6).
944.21(2)(c) (c) “Obscene material" means a writing, picture, film, or other recording that:
944.21(2)(c)1. 1. The average person, applying contemporary community standards, would find appeals to the prurient interest if taken as a whole;
944.21(2)(c)2. 2. Under contemporary community standards, describes or shows sexual conduct in a patently offensive way; and
944.21(2)(c)3. 3. Lacks serious literary, artistic, political, educational or scientific value, if taken as a whole.
944.21(2)(d) (d) “Obscene performance" means a live exhibition before an audience which:
944.21(2)(d)1. 1. The average person, applying contemporary community standards, would find appeals to the prurient interest if taken as a whole;
944.21(2)(d)2. 2. Under contemporary community standards, describes or shows sexual conduct in a patently offensive way; and
944.21(2)(d)3. 3. Lacks serious literary, artistic, political, educational or scientific value, if taken as a whole.
944.21(2)(dm) (dm) “Recording" has the meaning given in s. 948.01 (3r).
944.21(2)(e) (e) “Sexual conduct" means the commission of any of the following: sexual intercourse, sodomy, bestiality, necrophilia, human excretion, masturbation, sadism, masochism, fellatio, cunnilingus or lewd exhibition of human genitals.
944.21(2)(f) (f) “Wholesale transfer or distribution of obscene material" means any transfer for a valuable consideration of obscene material for purposes of resale or commercial distribution; or any distribution of obscene material for commercial exhibition. “Wholesale transfer or distribution of obscene material" does not require transfer of title to the obscene material to the purchaser, distributee or exhibitor.
944.21(3) (3)Whoever does any of the following with knowledge of the character and content of the material or performance and for commercial purposes is subject to the penalties under sub. (5):
944.21(3)(a) (a) Imports, prints, sells, has in his or her possession for sale, publishes, exhibits, plays, or distributes any obscene material.
944.21(3)(b) (b) Produces or performs in any obscene performance.
944.21(3)(c) (c) Requires, as a condition to the purchase of periodicals, that a retailer accept obscene material.
944.21(4) (4)Whoever does any of the following with knowledge of the character and content of the material is subject to the penalties under sub. (5):
944.21(4)(a) (a) Distributes, exhibits, or plays any obscene material to a person under the age of 18 years.
944.21(4)(b) (b) Has in his or her possession with intent to distribute, exhibit, or play to a person under the age of 18 years any obscene material.
944.21(5) (5)
944.21(5)(a)(a) Except as provided under pars. (b) to (e), any person violating sub. (3) or (4) is subject to a Class A forfeiture.
944.21(5)(b) (b) If the person violating sub. (3) or (4) has one prior conviction under this section, the person is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
944.21(5)(c) (c) If the person violating sub. (3) or (4) has 2 or more prior convictions under this section, the person is guilty of a Class H felony.
944.21(5)(d) (d) Prior convictions under pars. (b) and (c) apply only to offenses occurring on or after June 17, 1988.
944.21(5)(e) (e) Regardless of the number of prior convictions, if the violation under sub. (3) or (4) is for a wholesale transfer or distribution of obscene material, the person is guilty of a Class H felony.
944.21(5m) (5m)A contract printer or employee or agent of a contract printer is not subject to prosecution for a violation of sub. (3) regarding the printing of material that is not subject to the contract printer's editorial review or control.
944.21(6) (6)Each day a violation under sub. (3) or (4) continues constitutes a separate violation under this section.
944.21(7) (7)A district attorney may submit a case for review under s. 165.25 (3m). No civil or criminal proceeding under this section may be commenced against any person for a violation of sub. (3) or (4) unless the attorney general determines under s. 165.25 (3m) that the proceeding may be commenced.
944.21(8) (8)
944.21(8)(a)(a) The legislature finds that the libraries and educational institutions under par. (b) carry out the essential purpose of making available to all citizens a current, balanced collection of books, reference materials, periodicals, sound recordings and audiovisual materials that reflect the cultural diversity and pluralistic nature of American society. The legislature further finds that it is in the interest of the state to protect the financial resources of libraries and educational institutions from being expended in litigation and to permit these resources to be used to the greatest extent possible for fulfilling the essential purpose of libraries and educational institutions.
944.21(8)(b) (b) No person who is an employee, a member of the board of directors or a trustee of any of the following is liable to prosecution for violation of this section for acts or omissions while in his or her capacity as an employee, a member of the board of directors or a trustee:
944.21(8)(b)1. 1. A public elementary or secondary school.
944.21(8)(b)2. 2. A private school, as defined in s. 115.001 (3r), or a tribal school, as defined in s. 115.001 (15m).
944.21(8)(b)3. 3. Any school offering vocational, technical or adult education that:
944.21(8)(b)3.a. a. Is a technical college, is a school approved by the department of safety and professional services under s. 440.52, or is a school described in s. 440.52 (1) (e) 6., 7. or 8.; and
944.21(8)(b)3.b. b. Is exempt from taxation under section 501 (c) (3) of the internal revenue code.
944.21(8)(b)4. 4. Any institution of higher education that is accredited, as described in s. 39.30 (1) (d), and is exempt from taxation under section 501 (c) (3) of the internal revenue code.
944.21(8)(b)5. 5. A library that receives funding from any unit of government.
944.21(9) (9)In determining whether material is obscene under sub. (2) (c) 1. and 3., a judge or jury shall examine individual pictures, recordings of images, or passages in the context of the work in which they appear.
944.21(10) (10)The provisions of this section, including the provisions of sub. (8), are severable, as provided in s. 990.001 (11).
944.21 Annotation The sufficiency of an obscenity complaint and the correctness of jury instructions are discussed. State v. Simpson, 56 Wis. 2d 27, 201 N.W.2d 558.
944.21 Annotation To charge a defendant with the possession or sale of obscene materials, the complaint must allege that the defendant knew the nature of the materials; a charge that the defendant acted “feloniously" is insufficient to charge scienter. State v. Schneider, 60 Wis. 2d 563, 211 N.W.2d 630.
944.21 Note NOTE: The preceding annotations relate to this section as it existed prior to its treatment by 1987 Wis. Act. 416.
944.21 Annotation This section is not unconstitutionally overbroad or vague. States are not prevented from deviating from the Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15, language in regulating obscenity. Jury instructions that use synonymous or explanatory terms not used in Miller are not improper. County of Kenosha v. C. & S. Management, Inc. 223 Wis. 2d 373, 588 N.W.2d 236 (1999), 97-0642.
944.21 Annotation A telephone survey regarding community standards is irrelevant. A relevant survey must address whether the material at issue depicts acts in a patently offensive manner and appeals to the prurient interest. County of Kenosha v. C. & S. Management, Inc. 223 Wis. 2d 373, 588 N.W.2d 236 (1999), 97-0642.
944.21 Annotation Contemporary community standards must be applied by juries in accordance with their own understanding of the average tolerance of the average person in their community. The community to be considered is the state. Material is obscene if it appeals to prurient interest, not if it intends or attempts to appeal to prurient interest. State v. Tee & Bee, Inc. 229 Wis. 2d 446, 600 N.W.2d 230 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-0602.
944.21 Annotation The federal constitution does not mandate that juries be instructed to apply standards of a hypothetical statewide community. Jenkins v. Georgia, 418 U.S. 153 (1974).
944.21 Annotation A motion picture cannot be seized without a prior adversary hearing. Detco, Inc. v. Neelen, 356 F. Supp. 289 (1973).
944.21 Annotation Behind the Curtain of Privacy: How Obscenity Law Inhibits the Expression of Ideas About Sex and Gender. Peterson. 1998 WLR 625.
944.21 Annotation From Ulysses to Portnoy: A pornography primer. Eich, 53 MLR 155.
944.23 944.23 Making lewd, obscene or indecent drawings. Whoever makes any lewd, obscene or indecent drawing or writing in public or in a public place is guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.
944.23 History History: 1977 c. 173.
944.25 944.25 Sending obscene or sexually explicit electronic messages.
944.25(1)(1)In this section:
944.25(1)(a) (a) “Electronic mail solicitation" means an electronic mail message, including any attached program or document, that is sent for the purpose of encouraging a person to purchase property, goods, or services.
944.25(1)(b) (b) “Obscene material" has the meaning given in s. 944.21 (2) (c).
944.25(1)(c) (c) “Sexually explicit conduct" has the meaning given in s. 948.01 (7).
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on November 3, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 3, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-3-20)