948.13(2m)(f)3. 3. Whether the crime that is the subject of the petition resulted in bodily harm to the victim.
948.13(2m)(f)4. 4. Whether the victim of the crime that is the subject of the petition suffered from a mental illness or mental deficiency that rendered him or her temporarily or permanently incapable of understanding or evaluating the consequences of his or her actions.
948.13(2m)(f)5. 5. The probability that the person who filed the petition will commit other serious child sex offenses in the future.
948.13(2m)(f)6. 6. The report of the examination conducted under par. (e).
948.13(2m)(f)7. 7. Any other factor that the court determines may be relevant to the particular case.
948.13(3) (3)Evidence that a person engages in an occupation or participates in a volunteer position relating to any of the following is prima facie evidence that the occupation or position requires him or her to work or interact primarily and directly with children under 16 years of age:
948.13(3)(a) (a) Teaching children.
948.13(3)(b) (b) Child care.
948.13(3)(c) (c) Youth counseling.
948.13(3)(d) (d) Youth organization.
948.13(3)(e) (e) Coaching children.
948.13(3)(f) (f) Parks or playground recreation.
948.13(3)(g) (g) School bus driving.
948.14 948.14 Registered sex offender and photographing minors.
948.14(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
948.14(1)(a) (a) “Captures a representation" has the meaning given in s. 942.09 (1) (a).
948.14(1)(b) (b) “Minor" means an individual who is under 17 years of age.
948.14(1)(c) (c) “Representation" has the meaning giving in s. 942.09 (1) (c).
948.14(1)(d) (d) “Sex offender" means a person who is required to register under s. 301.45.
948.14(2) (2)Prohibition.
948.14(2)(a) (a) A sex offender may not intentionally capture a representation of any minor without the written consent of the minor's parent, legal custodian, or guardian. The written consent required under this paragraph shall state that the person seeking the consent is required to register as a sex offender with the department of corrections.
948.14(2)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to a sex offender who is capturing a representation of a minor if the sex offender is the minor's parent, legal custodian, or guardian.
948.14(3) (3)Penalty. Whoever violates sub. (2) is guilty of a Class I felony.
948.14 Note NOTE: The Court of Appeals in State v. Oatman, 2015 WI App 76, concluded that s. 948.14 is overbroad on its face and invalid in its entirety.
948.14 History History: 2005 a. 432.
948.14 Annotation The structure of s. 942.09, with its separate subdivisions for capturing and possessing a representation, and the legislature's decision to import the definition of “captures a representation" from s. 942.09, along with legislative history indicating that the purpose of this section is to prohibit sex offenders from photographing, filming, or videotaping minors without parental consent, leads to the conclusion that “stores in any medium data that represents a visual image" as used in the definition of “captures a representation" in s. 942.09 does not include the mere possession of visual images. State v. Chagnon, 2015 WI App 66, 364 Wis. 2d 719, 870 N.W.2d 27, 14-2770.
948.20 948.20 Abandonment of a child. Whoever, with intent to abandon the child, leaves any child in a place where the child may suffer because of neglect is guilty of a Class G felony.
948.20 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1987 a. 332 s. 35; Stats. 1987 s. 948.20; 2001 a. 109.
948.21 948.21 Neglecting a child.
948.21(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
948.21(1)(a) (a) “Child sex offense" means an offense under s. 948.02, 948.025, 948.05, 948.051, 948.055, 948.06, 948.07, 948.08, 948.10, 948.11, or 948.12.
948.21(1)(b) (b) “Emotional damage" has the meaning given in s. 48.02 (5j).
948.21(1)(c) (c) “Necessary care" means care that is vital to the needs of a child's physical, emotional, or mental health based on all of the facts and circumstances bearing on the child's need for care, including the child's age; the child's physical, mental, or emotional condition; and any special needs of the child.
948.21(1)(d) (d) “Negligently” means acting, or failing to act, in such a way that a reasonable person would know or should know seriously endangers the physical, mental, or emotional health of a child.
948.21(2) (2)Neglect. Any person who is responsible for a child's welfare who, through his or her action or failure to take action, for reasons other than poverty, negligently fails to provide any of the following, so as to seriously endanger the physical, mental, or emotional health of the child, is guilty of neglect and may be penalized as provided in sub. (3):
948.21(2)(a) (a) Necessary care.
948.21(2)(b) (b) Necessary food.
948.21(2)(c) (c) Necessary clothing.
948.21(2)(d) (d) Necessary medical care.
948.21(2)(e) (e) Necessary shelter.
948.21(2)(f) (f) Education in compliance with s. 118.15.
948.21(2)(g) (g) The protection from exposure to the distribution or manufacture of controlled substances, as defined in s. 961.01 (4), or controlled substance analogs, as defined in s. 961.01 (4m), or to drug abuse, as defined in s. 46.973 (1) (b).
948.21(3) (3)Penalties. A person who violates sub. (2) is guilty of the following:
948.21(3)(a) (a) A Class D felony if the child suffers death as a consequence.
948.21(3)(b) (b) A Class F felony if any of the following applies:
948.21(3)(b)1. 1. The child suffers great bodily harm as a consequence.
948.21(3)(b)2. 2. The child becomes a victim of a child sex offense as a consequence.
948.21(3)(c) (c) A Class G felony if the child suffers emotional damage as a consequence.
948.21(3)(d) (d) A Class H felony if the child suffers bodily harm as a consequence.
948.21(3)(e) (e) A Class I felony if the natural and probable consequences of the violation would be a harm under par. (a), (b), (c), or (d) although the harm did not actually occur if one of the following applies:
948.21(3)(e)1. 1. The child had not attained the age of 6 years when the violation was committed.
948.21(3)(e)2. 2. The child has a physical, cognitive, or developmental disability that was known or should have been known by the actor.
948.21(3)(f) (f) A Class A misdemeanor if the natural and probable consequences of the violation would be a harm under par. (a), (b), (c), or (d) although the harm did not actually occur.
948.21 History History: 1987 a. 332; 2001 a. 109; 2007 a. 80; 2017 a. 283.
948.215 948.215 Chronic neglect; repeated acts of neglect.
948.215(1)(1)Whoever violates s. 948.21 (2) is guilty of chronic neglect and may be penalized as provided in sub. (2) if one of the following applies:
948.215(1)(a) (a) The person commits 3 or more violations under s. 948.21 (2) within a specified period of time involving the same child.
948.215(1)(b) (b) The person has at least one previous conviction for a violation of s. 948.21 (2) involving the same child as the current violation.
948.215(2) (2)A person who is guilty of chronic neglect under sub. (1) is guilty of the following:
948.215(2)(a) (a) A Class B felony if the child suffers death as a consequence.
948.215(2)(b) (b) A Class D felony if any of the following applies:
948.215(2)(b)1. 1. The child suffers great bodily harm as a consequence.
948.215(2)(b)2. 2. The child becomes a victim of a child sex offense, as defined in s. 948.21 (1) (a), as a consequence.
948.215(2)(c) (c) A Class E felony if the child suffers emotional damage, as defined in s. 948.21 (1) (b), as a consequence.
948.215(2)(d) (d) A Class F felony if the child suffers bodily harm as a consequence.
948.215(2)(e) (e) A Class H felony if the natural and probable consequences of the violation would be a harm under par. (a), (b), (c), or (d) although the harm did not actually occur.
948.215(3) (3)If an action under sub. (1) (a) is tried to a jury, in order to find the defendant guilty the members of the jury must unanimously agree that at least 3 violations of s. 948.21 (2) involving the same child occurred within the specified period but need not agree on which acts constitute the requisite number or which acts resulted in any requisite consequence.
948.215(4) (4)The state may not charge a person in the same action with a violation under sub. (1) (a) and a violation involving the same child under s. 948.21 (2), unless the violation of s. 948.21 (2) occurred outside of the period applicable under sub. (1) (a).
948.215 History History: 2017 a. 283.
948.22 948.22 Failure to support.
948.22(1)(1)In this section:
948.22(1)(a) (a) “Child support" means an amount which a person is ordered to provide for support of a child by a court of competent jurisdiction in this state or in another state, territory or possession of the United States, or, if not ordered, an amount that a person is legally obligated to provide under s. 49.90.
948.22(1)(b) (b) “Grandchild support" means an amount which a person is legally obligated to provide under s. 49.90 (1) (a) 2. and (11).
948.22(1)(c) (c) “Spousal support" means an amount which a person is ordered to provide for support of a spouse or former spouse by a court of competent jurisdiction in this state or in another state, territory or possession of the United States, or, if not ordered, an amount that a person is legally obligated to provide under s. 49.90.
948.22(2) (2)Any person who intentionally fails for 120 or more consecutive days to provide spousal, grandchild or child support which the person knows or reasonably should know the person is legally obligated to provide is guilty of a Class I felony. A prosecutor may charge a person with multiple counts for a violation under this subsection if each count covers a period of at least 120 consecutive days and there is no overlap between periods.
948.22(3) (3)Any person who intentionally fails for less than 120 consecutive days to provide spousal, grandchild or child support which the person knows or reasonably should know the person is legally obligated to provide is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
948.22(4) (4)Under this section, the following is prima facie evidence of intentional failure to provide child, grandchild or spousal support:
948.22(4)(a) (a) For a person subject to a court order requiring child, grandchild or spousal support payments, when the person knows or reasonably should have known that he or she is required to pay support under an order, failure to pay the child, grandchild or spousal support payment required under the order.
948.22(4)(b) (b) For a person not subject to a court order requiring child, grandchild or spousal support payments, when the person knows or reasonably should have known that he or she has a dependent, failure to provide support equal to at least the amount established by rule by the department of children and families under s. 49.22 (9) or causing a spouse, grandchild or child to become a dependent person, or continue to be a dependent person, as defined in s. 49.01 (2).
948.22(5) (5)Under this section, it is not a defense that child, grandchild or spousal support is provided wholly or partially by any other person or entity.
948.22(6) (6)Under this section, affirmative defenses include but are not limited to inability to provide child, grandchild or spousal support. A person may not demonstrate inability to provide child, grandchild or spousal support if the person is employable but, without reasonable excuse, either fails to diligently seek employment, terminates employment or reduces his or her earnings or assets. A person who raises an affirmative defense has the burden of proving the defense by a preponderance of the evidence.
948.22(7) (7)
948.22(7)(a)(a) Before trial, upon petition by the complainant and notice to the defendant, the court may enter a temporary order requiring payment of child, grandchild or spousal support.
948.22(7)(b) (b) In addition to or instead of imposing a penalty authorized for a Class I felony or a Class A misdemeanor, whichever is appropriate, the court shall:
948.22(7)(b)1. 1. If a court order requiring the defendant to pay child, grandchild or spousal support exists, order the defendant to pay the amount required including any amount necessary to meet a past legal obligation for support.
948.22(7)(b)2. 2. If no court order described under subd. 1. exists, enter such an order. For orders for child or spousal support, the court shall determine the amount of support in the manner required under s. 767.511 or 767.89, regardless of the fact that the action is not one for a determination of paternity or an action specified in s. 767.511 (1).
948.22(7)(bm) (bm) Upon request, the court may modify the amount of child or spousal support payments determined under par. (b) 2. if, after considering the factors listed in s. 767.511 (1m), regardless of the fact that the action is not one for a determination of paternity or an action specified in s. 767.511 (1), the court finds, by the greater weight of the credible evidence, that the use of the percentage standard is unfair to the child or to either of the child's parents.
948.22(7)(c) (c) An order under par. (a) or (b), other than an order for grandchild support, constitutes an income assignment under s. 767.75 and may be enforced under s. 767.77. Any payment ordered under par. (a) or (b), other than a payment for grandchild support, shall be made in the manner provided under s. 767.57.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 14, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 14, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-14-18)