95.14 95.14 Corporations to improve livestock.
95.14(1)(1)Three or more adult persons of this state may form a corporation, without capital stock, to be managed and directed as herein provided, for the purpose of improving the breeding of livestock by such means and methods as may be deemed most advisable, and to receive and manage contributions therefor made from time to time by way of gifts, deed, devise, bequest or otherwise, and to expend the income thereof for the purpose of the corporation. The work of any such corporation shall be entirely educational and designed by practical work with the breeder upon the farm to result in a better understanding and practical application of the scientific and technical principles taught in agricultural colleges and experiment stations, so as to effect the greatest possible coordination between the science and the art or practice of breeding, but such work shall not be merged with the work of any educational institution. Any corporation organized hereunder shall have authority to pay all necessary expenses properly incurred in carrying out the purposes of the corporation, including compensation to employees and to directors for services actually rendered in conducting the affairs of the corporation, but no pecuniary profit shall ever be paid to any incorporator or director.
95.14(2) (2)Any corporation organized under this section shall be managed and directed by a self-perpetuating board of directors of 5 members, consisting of the dean of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who shall be permanent chairperson of the board, and 4 others to be appointed in the first instance by the incorporators; at least 3 of the 5 members shall always be representative livestock breeders of the state. If the dean of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences fails to act as a member of the board by reason of refusal, disability, or vacancy in the chair of the dean, the remaining members of the board shall appoint a representative livestock breeder to act in his or her place on the board until the time as such refusal, disability, or vacancy in the chair ceases to exist. Whenever the dean of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences becomes a member of the board of directors after any such interim, the dean shall automatically become chairperson of the board.
95.14(3) (3)The term of office of all members of the board, except the permanent chairperson, shall expire one each year by lot. The remaining members shall elect a member to succeed the person whose term shall have thus expired. Vacancies occurring during the year may be filled at once by the remaining members.
95.14(4) (4)Any such corporation shall have the general powers of other corporations and its articles of organization shall conform to s. 181.0202 with such modifications as this section requires.
95.17 95.17 Animal diseases; cooperation with United States. Whenever it is determined by the department and the state constitutional officers that it is necessary to combat dangerous diseases in animals in this state in cooperation with the U.S. department of agriculture and to destroy animals affected with or which have been exposed to any such disease or to destroy property in the disinfection of the premises or to do any other act or incur any other expense reasonably necessary in suppressing or combating such disease, the department may accept, on behalf of the state, the rules and regulations prepared by the U.S. department of agriculture under authority of an act of congress relating to the suppression of any such disease and cooperate with the authorities of the U.S. in the enforcement of their provisions; or it may follow such procedure as to inspection, vaccination, condemnation, appraisal, disinfection and other acts reasonably necessary in the suppression of such diseases as may be agreed upon and adopted by the department and the state constitutional officers with the representatives of the U.S. department of agriculture. Within the amount which may, subsequent to March 23, 1915, be appropriated for this purpose, the state shall pay such proportion of the expense incurred in suppressing or combating any such disease and in compensating owners of animals slaughtered under this section as shall be determined by and mutually agreed upon with the U.S. department of agriculture.
95.17 History History: 1975 c. 308; 2001 a. 56.
95.18 95.18 Animals in transit. Animals in transit in the state are subject to all the provisions of law relating to contagious or infectious diseases of animals, and to the regulations and orders of the department.
95.18 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. ATCP 10 and 12, Wis. adm. code.
95.19 95.19 Diseased animals.
95.19(1)(1)Definitions. In this section, “knowingly" means that the actor believes that the specified fact exists.
95.19(2) (2) Prohibitions. No person may do any of the following:
95.19(2)(a) (a) Import, sell, transport or exhibit an animal that is exposed to a contagious or infectious disease, except as provided in sub. (3) (a).
95.19(2)(b) (b) Import, sell, transport or exhibit an animal that is infected with a contagious or infectious disease, except as provided in sub. (3) (a).
95.19(2)(c) (c) Knowingly conceal that an animal that is imported, sold, transported or exhibited has been exposed to or infected with a contagious or infectious disease.
95.19(2)(d) (d) Knowingly misrepresent that an animal has not been exposed to or infected with a contagious or infectious disease.
95.19(2)(e) (e) Knowingly permit an animal that has been exposed to or infected with a contagious or infectious disease to commingle with other animals under conditions that may cause the disease to spread to an animal owned by another person.
95.19(3) (3) Rule making. The department may promulgate rules:
95.19(3)(a) (a) Authorizing the transport under a department permit of an animal exposed to or infected with a contagious or infectious disease for slaughter or other purposes prescribed by the department.
95.19(3)(b) (b) Specifying those contagious or infectious diseases to which the prohibitions of sub. (2), and the rules promulgated under par. (a), apply.
95.19(4) (4) Damages. A person who violates this section is liable to any person injured for damages sustained as a result of the violation.
95.19 History History: 1989 a. 277.
95.19 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. ATCP 10 and 12, Wis. adm. code.
95.19 Annotation Use of the phrase “any person injured" does not show that the legislature intended to allow recovery under this section only when a violation of this section causes personal injuries, as opposed to economic losses. Wilson v. Tuxen, 2008 WI App 94, 312 Wis. 2d 705, 754 N.W.2d 220, 07-1964.
95.19 Annotation This section specifically gives the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection the authority to specify which contagious or infectious diseases can create liability under sub. (2) (a) to (e), which it has done. The two claims found in sub. (2) (a) and (b) are strict liability statutes that are restricted by rule to specified diseases. Sub. (2) (c) to (e) prohibit 3 different kinds of knowing conduct. By rule, liability under sub. (2) (c) to (e) may be based on any disease that is either contagious or infectious. Wilson v. Tuxen, 2008 WI App 94, 312 Wis. 2d 705, 754 N.W.2d 220, 07-1964.
95.195 95.195 Diseases; implied warranty in sale of animals.
95.195(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “covered disease" means a disease that the department specifies under sub. (4) (a) is covered by this section.
95.195(2) (2) Warranty. Except as provided in sub. (3), in every contract for the sale of an animal of a type specified by the department under sub. (4) (b), there is an implied warranty that the animal is not infected with a covered disease unless the seller discloses to the buyer in writing, prior to sale, all of the following:
95.195(2)(a) (a) The management classification of the animal's herd with respect to the covered disease.
95.195(2)(b) (b) If the animal is a reactor with respect to the covered disease, that the animal is a reactor.
95.195(3) (3) Exception. The warranty under sub. (2) does not apply to an animal sold directly to slaughter.
95.195(4) (4) Rules. The department shall promulgate rules that do all of the following:
95.195(4)(a) (a) Specify covered diseases.
95.195(4)(b) (b) Specify types of animals to which this section applies.
95.195(4)(c) (c) Prescribe a system for determining management classifications of herds with respect to covered diseases.
95.195 History History: 1989 a. 277; 1999 a. 160.
95.195 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. ATCP 10 and 12, Wis. adm. code.
95.195 Annotation The legislature intended this section as an implied warranty in addition to the implied warranties found in ss. 402.314 and 402.315, not as a stand-alone provision. As a result, the provisions of ch. 402, including the notice of breach requirement in s. 402.607 (3) (a), apply to a claim for breach of the warranty under this section. Wilson v. Tuxen, 2008 WI App 94, 312 Wis. 2d 705, 754 N.W.2d 220, 07-1964.
95.197 95.197 Financial assistance for paratuberculosis testing.
95.197(1)(1)The department shall provide financial assistance to owners of livestock herds for conducting testing for paratuberculosis.
95.197(2) (2)The department shall promulgate rules for providing financial assistance under sub. (1).
95.197 History History: 1999 a. 9.
95.197 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 10, Wis. adm. code.
95.20 95.20 Import and movement of animals. The department may prohibit or regulate the importing of animals into this state or the movement of animals within this state if the department has reasonable grounds to believe that regulation or prohibition is necessary to prevent the introduction or spread of a disease in this state that threatens the health of animals or of humans.
95.20 History History: 1981 c. 291; 1981 c. 391 s. 210; 2001 a. 56.
95.20 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. ATCP 10 and 12, Wis. adm. code.
95.21 95.21 Rabies control program.
95.21(1)(1)Definitions. As used in this section:
95.21(1)(a) (a) “Humane officer" means an officer appointed under s. 173.03.
95.21(1)(am) (am) “Isolation facility" means a humane society shelter, veterinary hospital, municipal pound or other place specified by an officer which is equipped with a pen or cage which isolates the animal from contact with other animals.
95.21(1)(b) (b) “Officer" means a peace officer, local health officer, as defined in s. 250.01 (5), humane officer, warden, an employee designated by the department or other person designated by the governing body of the county, city, village or town.
95.21(1)(c) (c) “Owner" includes a person who owns, harbors, keeps or controls an animal.
95.21(1)(d) (d) “Peace officer" has the meaning designated under s. 939.22 (22).
95.21(1)(e) (e) “Veterinarian" has the meaning designated under s. 89.02 (7).
95.21(1)(em) (em) “Veterinary technician" has the meaning designated under s. 89.02 (12).
95.21(1)(f) (f) “Warden" has the meaning designated under s. 24.01 (11).
95.21(2) (2) Rabies vaccination required for dogs.
95.21(2)(a) (a) Requirement for vaccination. Except as provided in s. 174.054 or sub. (9) (d), the owner of a dog shall have the dog vaccinated against rabies by a veterinarian or, if a veterinarian is physically present at the location the vaccine is administered, by a veterinary technician, pursuant to s. 89.05 (2) (d), at no later than 5 months of age and revaccinated within one year after the initial vaccination. If the owner obtains the dog or brings the dog into this state after the dog has reached 5 months of age, the owner shall have the dog vaccinated against rabies within 30 days after the dog is obtained or brought into the state unless the dog has been vaccinated as evidenced by a current certificate of rabies vaccination from this state or another state. The owner of a dog shall have the dog revaccinated against rabies by a veterinarian or, if a veterinarian is physically present at the location the vaccine is administered, by a veterinary technician, pursuant to s. 89.05 (2) (d), before the date that the immunization expires as stated on the certificate of vaccination or, if no date is specified, within 3 years after the previous vaccination.
95.21(2)(b) (b) Issuance of certificate of rabies vaccination. The person who administers the vaccine under par. (a) shall complete and issue to the owner a certificate of rabies vaccination bearing a serial number and in the form approved by the department stating the owner's name and address, the name, sex, spayed or unspayed, neutered or unneutered, breed and color of the dog, the date of the vaccination, the type of rabies vaccine administered and the manufacturer's serial number, the date that the immunization expires as specified for that type of vaccine by the center for disease control of the U.S. department of health and human services and the city, village or town where the dog is required to be licensed.
95.21(2)(c) (c) Copies of certificate. The veterinarian shall keep a copy of each certificate of rabies vaccination in a file maintained for this purpose until the date that the immunization expires or until the dog is revaccinated whichever occurs first.
95.21(2)(e) (e) Rabies vaccination tag. After issuing the certificate of rabies vaccination, the person who administers the vaccine under par. (a) shall deliver to the owner a rabies vaccination tag of durable material bearing the same serial number as the certificate, the year the vaccination was given and the name, address and telephone number of the supervising veterinarian.
95.21(2)(f) (f) Tag to be attached. The owner shall attach the rabies vaccination tag or a substitute tag to a collar and a collar with the tag attached shall be kept on the dog at all times but this requirement does not apply to a dog during competition or training, to a dog while hunting, to a dog securely confined indoors, to a dog securely confined in a fenced area or to a dog while actively involved in herding or controlling livestock if the dog is under the control of its owner. The substitute tag shall be of a durable material and contain the same information as the rabies vaccination tag. The requirements of this paragraph do not apply to a dog which is not required to be vaccinated under sub. (2) (a).
95.21(2)(g) (g) Duplicate tag. The person who administers the vaccine under par. (a) may furnish a new rabies vaccination tag with a new serial number to an owner in place of the original tag upon presentation of the certificate of rabies vaccination. The person who administers the vaccine under par. (a) shall then indicate the new tag number on the certificate and keep a record in the file.
95.21(2)(h) (h) Cost. The owner shall pay the cost of the rabies vaccination and the cost associated with the issuance of a certificate of rabies vaccination and the delivery of a rabies vaccination tag.
95.21(3) (3) District quarantine.
95.21(3)(a)(a) Dogs confined. If a district is quarantined for rabies, all dogs within the district shall be kept securely confined, tied, leashed or muzzled. Any dog not confined, tied, leashed or muzzled is declared a public nuisance and may be impounded. All officers shall cooperate in the enforcement of the quarantine. The clerk of every town, city or village wholly or partly within the quarantine district shall promptly post in at least 3 public places in the town, city or village, notices of quarantine furnished by the department for posting.
95.21(3)(b) (b) Exemption of vaccinated dog from district quarantine. A dog which is immunized currently against rabies as evidenced by a valid certificate of rabies vaccination or other evidence is exempt from the district quarantine provisions of par. (a) if a rabies vaccination tag or substitute tag is attached to the dog's collar.
95.21(4) (4) Quarantine or sacrifice of an animal suspected of biting a person or being infected or exposed to rabies.
95.21(4)(a)(a) Quarantine or sacrifice of dog or cat. Except as provided in par. (d), an officer shall order a dog or cat quarantined if the officer has reason to believe that the animal bit a person, is infected with rabies or has been in contact with a rabid animal. If a quarantine cannot be imposed because the dog or cat cannot be captured, the officer may kill the animal. The officer may kill a dog or cat only as a last resort or if the owner agrees. The officer shall attempt to kill the animal in a humane manner and in a manner which avoids damage to the animal's head.
95.21(4)(b) (b) Sacrifice of other animals. An officer may order killed or may kill an animal other than a dog or cat if the officer has reason to believe that the animal bit a person or is infected with rabies. Except as provided in s. 95.36, if an animal of a species raised primarily to produce food for human consumption is killed under this paragraph, the owner is eligible for an indemnity payment in an amount equal to the indemnity provided under s. 95.31 (3). If the decision is made by an employee of the department, the indemnity shall be paid from the appropriation under s. 20.115 (2) (b). If the decision is made by another officer, the indemnity shall be paid from the dog license fund.
95.21(4)(c) (c) Sacrifice of a dog or cat. An officer may order killed or may kill a dog or cat if the owner of the dog or cat violates sub. (5) (a), (b) or (c).
95.21(4)(d) (d) Exception for law enforcement dogs.
95.21(4)(d)1. 1. In this paragraph, “law enforcement agency" has the meaning given in s. 165.83 (1) (b).
95.21(4)(d)2. 2. The quarantine requirement in par. (a) does not apply to a dog that is used by a law enforcement agency and that bites a person while the dog is performing law enforcement functions if the dog is immunized against rabies as evidenced by a valid certificate of rabies vaccination or other evidence. The law enforcement agency shall make the dog available for examination at any reasonable time. The law enforcement agency shall notify the local health department, as defined in s. 250.01 (4), if the dog exhibits any abnormal behavior.
95.21(5) (5) Quarantine of dog or cat.
95.21(5)(a)(a) Delivery to isolation facility or quarantine on premises of owner. An officer who orders a dog or cat to be quarantined shall deliver the animal or shall order the animal delivered to an isolation facility as soon as possible but no later than 24 hours after the original order is issued or the officer may order the animal to be quarantined on the premises of the owner if the animal is immunized currently against rabies as evidenced by a valid certificate of rabies vaccination or other evidence. If an officer delivers a dog or orders a dog to be delivered to an isolation facility and the dog is exempt from the requirement to be vaccinated against rabies under sub. (9) (d), the owner of the dog may choose an isolation facility that is a veterinary hospital.
95.21(5)(b) (b) Health risk to humans. If a dog or cat is ordered to be quarantined because there is reason to believe that the animal bit a person, the custodian of an isolation facility or the owner shall keep the animal under strict isolation under the supervision of a veterinarian for at least 10 days after the incident occurred. In this paragraph, “supervision of a veterinarian" includes, at a minimum, examination of the animal on the first day of isolation, on the last day of isolation and on one intervening day. If the observation period is not extended and if the veterinarian certifies that the dog or cat has not exhibited any signs of rabies, the animal may be released from quarantine at the end of the observation period.
95.21(5)(c) (c) Risk to animal health.
95.21(5)(c)1.1. If a dog or cat is ordered to be quarantined because there is reason to believe that the animal has been exposed to a rabid animal and if the dog or cat is not currently immunized against rabies, the custodian of an isolation facility or the owner shall keep the animal leashed or confined for 180 days. The owner shall have the animal vaccinated against rabies between 155 and 165 days after the exposure to a rabid animal, unless the animal is exempt from the requirement to be vaccinated against rabies under sub. (9) (d).
95.21(5)(c)2. 2. If a dog or cat is ordered to be quarantined because there is reason to believe that the animal has been exposed to a rabid animal but if the dog or cat is immunized against rabies, the custodian of an isolation facility or the owner shall keep the animal leashed or confined for 60 days. The owner shall have the animal revaccinated against rabies as soon as possible after exposure to a rabid animal.
95.21(5)(d) (d) Sacrifice of a dog or cat exhibiting symptoms of rabies. If a veterinarian determines that a dog or cat exhibits symptoms of rabies during the original or extended observation period, the veterinarian shall notify the owner and the officer who ordered the animal quarantined and the officer or veterinarian shall kill the animal in a humane manner and in a manner which avoids damage to the animal's head. If the dog or cat is suspected to have bitten a person, the veterinarian shall notify the person or the person's physician.
95.21(6) (6) Delivery of carcass; preparation; examination by laboratory of hygiene. An officer who kills an animal shall deliver the carcass to a veterinarian or local health department, as defined in s. 250.01 (4). The veterinarian or local health department shall prepare the carcass, properly prepare and package the head of the animal in a manner to minimize deterioration, arrange for delivery by the most expeditious means feasible of the head of the animal to the state laboratory of hygiene and dispose of or arrange for the disposal of the remainder of the carcass in a manner which minimizes the risk of exposure to any rabies virus. The laboratory of hygiene shall examine the specimen and determine if the animal was infected with rabies. The state laboratory of hygiene shall notify the department, the veterinarian or local health department which prepared the carcass and, if the animal is suspected to have bitten a person, that person or that person's physician.
95.21(7) (7) Cooperation of veterinarian. Any practicing veterinarian who is requested to be involved in the rabies control program by an officer is encouraged to cooperate in a professional capacity with the department, the laboratory of hygiene, the local health department, as defined in s. 250.01 (4), the officer involved and, if the animal is suspected to have bitten a person, the person's physician.
95.21(8) (8) Responsibility for quarantine and laboratory expenses. The owner of an animal is responsible for any expenses incurred in connection with keeping the animal in an isolation facility, supervision and examination of the animal by a veterinarian, preparation of the carcass for laboratory examination and the fee for the laboratory examination. If the owner is unknown, the county is responsible for these expenses.
95.21(9) (9) Local programs.
95.21(9)(a)(a) This section does not prohibit or restrict a county, city, village or town from imposing a rabies control program with more restrictive provisions.
95.21(9)(b) (b) This section does not prohibit a county, city, village or town from imposing its own rabies control program if the department approves the program. The department may not approve a program unless it provides for at least 2 examinations of the quarantined animal by a veterinarian or a trained individual with veterinarian involvement during a 10-day isolation period. The department shall promulgate rules establishing criteria for the approval of programs under this paragraph and defining “trained individual" and “veterinarian involvement".
95.21(9)(c) (c) The department may provide training to persons who administer local rabies control programs or who conduct rabies examinations under those programs. The department may charge fees to cover the cost of training. The fees collected under this paragraph shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.115 (2) (j).
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 19, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 19, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-19-19)