946.65(2) (2) "Officer of any court" includes the judge, reporter, bailiff and district attorney.
946.65 History History: 1977 c. 173.
946.65 Annotation Only conduct that involves 3rd party contracting with another to give false information to a court officer in an attempt to influence the performance of the officer's official function is proscribed by this section. State v. Howell, 141 Wis. 2d 58, 414 N.W.2d 54 (Ct. App. 1987).
946.66 946.66 False complaints of police misconduct.
946.66(1) (1) In this section:
946.66(1)(a) (a) "Complaint" means a complaint that is filed as part of a procedure established under s. 66.312 (3) [s. 66.0511 (3)].
946.66 Note NOTE: The bracketed language indicates the correct cross-reference. Corrective legislation is pending.
946.66(1)(b) (b) "Law enforcement officer" has the meaning given in s. 165.85 (2) (c).
946.66(2) (2) Whoever knowingly makes a false complaint regarding the conduct of a law enforcement officer is subject to a Class A forfeiture.
946.66 History History: 1997 a. 176.
946.67 946.67 Compounding crime.
946.67(1)(1) Whoever receives any property in return for a promise, express or implied, to refrain from prosecuting a crime or to refrain from giving information bearing on the probable success of a criminal prosecution is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
946.67(2) (2)Subsection (1) does not apply if the act upon which the actual or supposed crime is based has caused a loss for which a civil action will lie and the person who has sustained such loss reasonably believes that he or she is legally entitled to the property received.
946.67(3) (3) No promise mentioned in this section shall justify the promisor in refusing to testify or to produce evidence against the alleged criminal when subpoenaed to do so.
946.67 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1993 a. 486.
946.68 946.68 Simulating legal process.
946.68(1g) (1g) In this section, "legal process" includes a subpoena, summons, complaint, warrant, injunction, writ, notice, pleading, order or other document that directs a person to perform or refrain from performing a specified act and compliance with which is enforceable by a court or governmental agency.
946.68(1r) (1r)
946.68(1r)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (c), whoever sends or delivers to another any document which simulates legal process is guilty of a Class E felony.
946.68(1r)(b) (b) If the document under par. (a) is sent or delivered with intent to induce payment of a claim, the person is guilty of a Class D felony.
946.68(1r)(c) (c) If the document under par. (a) simulates any criminal process, the person is guilty of a Class D felony.
946.68(2) (2) Proof that a document specified under sub. (1r) was mailed or was delivered to any person with intent that it be forwarded to the intended recipient is sufficient proof of sending.
946.68(3) (3) This section applies even though the simulating document contains a statement to the effect that it is not legal process.
946.68(4) (4) Violation of this section may be prosecuted in either the county where the document was sent or the county in which it was delivered.
946.68 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1997 a. 27.
946.69 946.69 Falsely assuming to act as a public officer or employee or a utility employee.
946.69(1) (1) In this section, "utility" means any of the following:
946.69(1)(a) (a) A public utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (5).
946.69(1)(b) (b) A municipal power district, as defined in s. 198.01 (6).
946.69(1)(c) (c) A cooperative association organized under ch. 185 to furnish or provide telecommunications service, gas, electricity, power or water.
946.69(2) (2) Whoever does any of the following is guilty of a Class E felony:
946.69(2)(a) (a) Assumes to act in an official capacity or to perform an official function, knowing that he or she is not the public officer or public employee or the employee of a utility that he or she assumes to be.
946.69(2)(b) (b) Exercises any function of a public office, knowing that he or she has not qualified so to act or that his or her right so to act has ceased.
946.69 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1993 a. 146, 486; 1995 a. 225; 1997 a. 27.
946.69 AnnotationSub. (1) is not unconstitutionally vague or overbroad. State v. Wickstrom, 118 Wis. 2d 339, 348 N.W.2d 183 (Ct. App. 1984).
946.70 946.70 Impersonating peace officers.
946.70(1) (1) Except as provided in sub. (2), whoever impersonates a peace officer with intent to mislead others into believing that the person is actually a peace officer is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
946.70(2) (2) Any person violating sub. (1) with the intent to commit or aid or abet the commission of a crime other than the crime under this section is guilty of a Class D felony.
946.70 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1985 a. 97, 332.
946.70 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See s. 125.105 for the offense of impersonating an employee of the department of revenue or the department of justice.
946.72 946.72 Tampering with public records and notices.
946.72(1)(1) Whoever with intent to injure or defraud destroys, damages, removes or conceals any public record is guilty of a Class D felony.
946.72(2) (2) Whoever intentionally damages, alters, removes or conceals any public notice, posted as authorized by law, before the expiration of the time for which the notice was posted, is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
946.72 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1981 c. 335.
946.73 946.73 Penalty for violating laws governing state or county institutions. Whoever violates any state law or any lawful rule made pursuant to state law governing state fair park or any state or county charitable, curative, reformatory, or penal institution while within the same or the grounds thereof is guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.
946.73 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1993 a. 213, 215, 491.
946.74 946.74 Aiding escape from mental institutions.
946.74(1)(1) Whoever intentionally does or attempts to do any of the following is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor:
946.74(1)(a) (a) Aids any person committed to an institution for the care of the mentally ill, infirm or deficient to escape therefrom.
946.74(1)(b) (b) Introduces into any institution for the care of the mentally ill, infirm or deficient, or transfers to any person committed to such institution, anything adapted or useful in making an escape therefrom, with intent to aid any person to escape.
946.74(1)(c) (c) Removes from any institution for the care of the mentally ill, infirm or deficient any person committed thereto.
946.74(2) (2) Whoever violates sub. (1) with intent to commit a crime against sexual morality with or upon the inmate of the institution is guilty of a Class D felony.
946.74 History History: 1977 c. 173.
946.75 946.75 Denial of right of counsel. Whoever, while holding another person in custody and if that person requests a named attorney, denies that other person the right to consult and be advised by an attorney at law at personal expense, whether or not such person is charged with a crime, is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
946.75 History History: 1977 c. 173.
946.76 946.76 Search warrant; premature disclosure. Whoever discloses prior to its execution that a search warrant has been applied for or issued, except so far as may be necessary to its execution, is guilty of a Class E felony.
946.76 History History: 1977 c. 173.
946.80 946.80 Short title. Sections 946.80 to 946.88 may be cited as the Wisconsin Organized Crime Control Act.
946.80 History History: 1981 c. 280; 1989 a. 121.
946.80 Annotation RICO and WOCCA. Gegios and Jervis. Wis. Law. Apr. 1990.
946.81 946.81 Intent. The legislature finds that a severe problem is posed in this state by the increasing organization among certain criminal elements and the increasing extent to which criminal activities and funds acquired as a result of criminal activity are being directed to and against the legitimate economy of the state. The legislature declares that the intent of the Wisconsin Organized Crime Control Act is to impose sanctions against this subversion of the economy by organized criminal elements and to provide compensation to private persons injured thereby. It is not the intent of the legislature that isolated incidents of misdemeanor conduct be prosecuted under this act, but only an interrelated pattern of criminal activity the motive or effect of which is to derive pecuniary gain.
946.81 History History: 1981 c. 280.
946.82 946.82 Definitions. In ss. 946.80 to 946.88:
946.82(1) (1) "Commission of a crime" means being concerned in the commission of a crime under s. 939.05.
946.82(2) (2) "Enterprise" means any sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, business trust, union organized under the laws of this state or other legal entity or any union not organized under the laws of this state, association or group of individuals associated in fact although not a legal entity. "Enterprise" includes illicit and licit enterprises and governmental and other entities.
946.82(3) (3) "Pattern of racketeering activity" means engaging in at least 3 incidents of racketeering activity that have the same or similar intents, results, accomplices, victims or methods of commission or otherwise are interrelated by distinguishing characteristics, provided at least one of the incidents occurred after April 27, 1982 and that the last of the incidents occurred within 7 years after the first incident of racketeering activity. Acts occurring at the same time and place which may form the basis for crimes punishable under more than one statutory provision may count for only one incident of racketeering activity.
946.82 Annotation The definition of "pattern of racketeering" is not unconstitutionally vague. The definition of "enterprise" is discussed. State v. O'Connell, 179 Wis. 2d 598, 508 N.W.2d 23 (Ct. App. 1993).
946.82 Annotation Repeated use of illegally copied computer software did not constitute a pattern of racketeering. Management Computer Services v. Hawkins, 196 Wis. 2d 578, 539 N.W.2d 111 (Ct. App. 1995).
946.82 Annotation WOCCA does not require proof of intent or knowledge beyond that required for the underlying predicate offense. State v. Mueller, 201 Wis. 2d 121, 549 N.W.2d 455 (Ct. App. 1996).
946.82 Annotation The analysis for a "pattern of racketeering activity" under WOCCA is the same as under RICO. Brunswick Corp. v. E.A. Doyle Mfg. Co. 770 F. Supp. 1351 (1991).
946.83 946.83 Prohibited activities.
946.83(1) (1) No person who has received any proceeds with knowledge that they were derived, directly or indirectly, from a pattern of racketeering activity may use or invest, whether directly or indirectly, any part of the proceeds or the proceeds derived from the investment or use thereof in the acquisition of any title to, or any right, interest, or equity in, real property or in the establishment or operation of any enterprise.
946.83(2) (2) No person, through a pattern of racketeering activity, may acquire or maintain, directly or indirectly, any interest in or control of any enterprise or real property.
946.83(3) (3) No person employed by, or associated with, any enterprise may conduct or participate, directly or indirectly, in the enterprise through a pattern of racketeering activity.
946.83 History History: 1981 c. 280.
946.83 Annotation Sub. (3) requires that the person be separate from the enterprise; as matter of law, an individual is separate from a solely-owned enterprise if it is a corporation. State v. Judd, 147 Wis. 2d 398, 433 N.W.2d 260 (Ct. App. 1988).
946.84 946.84 Penalties.
946.84(1)(1) Any person convicted of engaging in racketeering activity in violation of s. 946.83 is guilty of a Class C felony.
946.84(2) (2) In lieu of a fine under sub. (1), any person convicted of engaging in conduct in violation of s. 946.83, through which he or she derived pecuniary value, or by which he or she caused personal injury or property damage or other loss, may be fined not to exceed 2 times the gross value gained or 2 times the gross loss caused, whichever is the greater, plus court costs and the costs of investigation and prosecution, reasonably incurred. In calculating the amount of fine based on personal injury, any measurement of pain and suffering shall be excluded.
946.84(3) (3) The court shall hold a hearing to determine the amount of the fine authorized by sub. (2).
946.84(4) (4) In sub. (2), "pecuniary value" means:
946.84(4)(a) (a) Anything of value in the form of money, a negotiable instrument, or a commercial interest or anything else the primary significance of which is economic advantage; or
946.84(4)(b) (b) Any other property or service that has a value in excess of $100.
946.84 History History: 1981 c. 280, 391.
946.85 946.85 Continuing criminal enterprise.
946.85(1) (1) Any person who engages in a continuing criminal enterprise shall be imprisoned for not less than 10 years nor more than 30 years, and fined not more than $10,000 or as provided in s. 946.84 (2). If the court imposes a sentence less than the presumptive minimum sentence, it shall place its reasons for doing so on the record.
This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1999. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?