180.0401(3)(b) (b) The applicant delivers to the department a certified copy of a final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction establishing the applicant's right to use the name applied for in this state.
180.0401(3m) (3m)In determining whether a name is the same as or not distinguishable on the records of the department from the name of another person, words, phrases, or abbreviations indicating a type of entity, such as “corporation," “Corp.," “incorporated," “ Inc.," “service corporation,” “SC,” “Limited," “Ltd.," “limited partnership," “LP," “limited liability partnership," “LLP," “limited liability limited partnership," “LLLP," “registered limited liability limited partnership," “RLLLP," “limited liability company," “LLC," “cooperative association," or “cooperative," or a variation of these abbreviations that differs only with respect to capitalization of letters or punctuation, may not be taken into account.
180.0401(4) (4)A corporation may use in this state the name, including the fictitious name, that is used in this state by another domestic corporation or a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state, or by a limited liability company, nonprofit or nonstock corporation, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, general cooperative association, or limited cooperative association, if the corporation proposing to use the name has done any of the following:
180.0401(4)(a) (a) Merged with the other entity.
180.0401(4)(b) (b) Been formed by reorganization of the other entity.
180.0401(4)(c) (c) Acquired all or substantially all of the assets, including the corporate name, of the other domestic corporation or foreign corporation.
180.0402 180.0402 Reservation of name.
180.0402(1)(1)A person may reserve the exclusive use of a corporate name, including a fictitious name for a foreign corporation whose corporate name is not available, by delivering an application to the department for filing. The application shall include the name and address of the applicant and the name proposed to be reserved. If the department finds that the corporate name applied for under this subsection is available, the department shall reserve the name for the applicant's exclusive use for a 120-day period, which may be renewed by the applicant or a transferee under sub. (2) from time to time.
180.0402(2) (2)A person who has the right to exclusive use of a reserved corporate name under sub. (1) may transfer the reservation to another person by delivering to the department a signed notice in a record of the transfer that states the name and address of the person to which the reservation is being transferred.
180.0403 180.0403 Registration of name.
180.0403(1)(a) (a) A foreign corporation that has not obtained a certificate of authority to transact business in this state under subch. XV may register its name, or a fictitious name adopted pursuant to s. 180.1506 (1), if the name is distinguishable on the records of the department from the names that are not available under s. 180.1506 (2) (a) 1. to 4.
180.0403(1)(b) (b) To register its name or a fictitious name adopted pursuant to s. 180.1506 (1), a foreign corporation must deliver to the department for filing an application stating the foreign corporation's name, the jurisdiction and the date of its formation, and any fictitious name adopted pursuant to s. 180.1506 (1). If the department finds that the name applied for is available, the department shall register the name for the applicant's exclusive use.
180.0403(1)(c) (c) The registration of a name under this section expires annually on December 31.
180.0403(1)(d) (d) A foreign corporation whose name registration is effective may renew the registration by delivering to the department for filing, between October 1 and December 31 of each year that the registration is in effect, a renewal application that complies with this section. When filed, the renewal application renews the registration for the next year.
180.0403(2) (2)A domestic corporation or a foreign corporation authorized to transact business in this state may, upon merger, change of name or dissolution, register its corporate name for no more than 10 years by delivering to the department for filing an application, executed by the domestic corporation or foreign corporation, simultaneously with the delivery for filing of the articles of merger or dissolution, the articles of amendment or restated articles that change the corporate name or an application for an amended certificate of authority that changes the corporate name.
180.0403(3) (3)A corporate name is registered under sub. (1) or (2) for the applicant's exclusive use on the effective date of the application.
180.0403(3m) (3m)A person who has the right to exclusive use of a registered name under sub. (1) or (2) may transfer the registration to another person by delivering to the department a written and signed notice of the transfer that states the name and address of the transferee.
180.0403(4)(a)(a) A foreign corporation whose registration is effective under sub. (1) may thereafter apply for a certificate of authority under the registered name or consent in writing to the use of that name by a domestic corporation thereafter incorporated under this chapter or by another foreign corporation thereafter authorized to transact business in this state. The registration terminates when the domestic corporation is incorporated or the foreign corporation obtains a certificate of authority or consents to another foreign corporation obtaining a certificate of authority under the registered name.
180.0403(4)(b) (b) The holder of a registration effective under sub. (2) may thereafter incorporate as a domestic corporation or obtain a certificate of authority under the registered name or consent in writing to use of that name by a domestic corporation thereafter incorporated under this chapter or by a foreign corporation thereafter authorized to transact business in this state. The registration terminates when any of the following occurs:
180.0403(4)(b)1. 1. The holder incorporates as a domestic corporation or obtains a certificate of authority under the registered name.
180.0403(4)(b)2. 2. The domestic corporation that has consent to use the registered name is incorporated.
180.0403(4)(b)3. 3. The holder consents to another foreign corporation obtaining a certificate of authority under the registered name.
180.0403 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1993 a. 331; 1995 a. 27; 2021 a. 258.
subch. V of ch. 180 SUBCHAPTER V
OFFICE AND AGENT
180.0501 180.0501 Registered office and registered agent.
180.0501(1m)(1m) Each corporation shall designate and maintain a registered office and registered agent in this state. The designation of a registered agent is an affirmation of the fact by the corporation that the agent has consented to serve. The registered office may, but need not, be the same as any of the corporation's places of business. The registered office must be an actual physical location with a street address and not solely a post office box, mailbox service, or telephone answering service. The registered agent shall be any of the following:
180.0501(1m)(a) (a) A natural person who resides in this state and whose business office is identical with the registered office.
180.0501(1m)(b) (b) A domestic corporation, nonprofit or nonstock corporation, limited liability company, limited partnership, or limited liability partnership whose business office is identical with the registered office.
180.0501(1m)(c) (c) A foreign corporation, nonprofit or nonstock corporation, limited partnership, registered limited liability partnership, or limited liability company if that entity is authorized to transact business in this state and the entity's business office is identical with the registered office.
180.0501(2m) (2m)A registered agent for a corporation must have an e-mail address and a place of business or activity in this state.
180.0501(3m) (3m)The only duties under this chapter of a registered agent that has complied with this chapter are the following:
180.0501(3m)(a) (a) To forward to the corporation at the address most recently supplied to the agent by the corporation any process, notice, or demand pertaining to the corporation which is served on or received by the agent.
180.0501(3m)(b) (b) If the registered agent resigns, to provide the notice required by s. 180.0503 to the corporation at the address most recently supplied to the agent by the corporation.
180.0501(3m)(c) (c) To keep current the information with respect to the agent in the articles of incorporation.
180.0502 180.0502 Change of registered office or registered agent.
180.0502(1)(1)A corporation may change its registered office or registered agent, or both, by delivering to the department for filing a statement of change that states all of the following:
180.0502(1)(a) (a) The name of the corporation or foreign corporation.
180.0502(1)(b) (b) The information that is to be in effect as a result of the filing of the statement of change.
180.0502(1m) (1m)A statement of change under this section designating a new registered agent is an affirmation of fact by the corporation that the agent has consented to serve.
180.0502(1r) (1r)As an alternative to using the procedure in this section, a corporation may amend or restate its articles of incorporation.
180.0502(3) (3)If the name or e-mail address of a registered agent changes or if the street address of a registered agent's business office changes, the registered agent may change the name or e-mail address of the registered agent or street address of the registered office of any corporation for which he, she, or it is the registered agent. To make a change under this subsection, the registered agent shall notify the corporation in writing of the change and deliver to the department for filing a statement of change that recites that the corporation has been notified of the change and states all of the following:
180.0502(3)(a) (a) The name of the corporation represented by the registered agent.
180.0502(3)(b) (b) The name, e-mail address, and street address of the agent as currently shown in the records of the department for the corporation.
180.0502(3)(c) (c) The new name, new e-mail address, or new street address of the agent.
180.0502(5) (5)A registered agent promptly shall furnish notice to the represented corporation of the filing by the department of the statement of change and the changes made by the statement.
180.0503 180.0503 Resignation of registered agent.
180.0503(1)(1)A registered agent may resign as agent for a corporation by delivering to the department for filing a statement of resignation that states all of the following:
180.0503(1)(a) (a) The name of the corporation.
180.0503(1)(b) (b) The name of the agent.
180.0503(1)(c) (c) The address of the corporation's current registered office and its principal office to which the department will send the notice required by sub. (2).
180.0503(1)(d) (d) That the agent resigns from serving as registered agent for the corporation.
180.0503(1)(e) (e) If applicable, a statement that the registered office is also discontinued.
180.0503(2) (2)After filing the statement, the department shall mail a copy to the corporation at its principal office.
180.0503(3) (3)The resignation is effective and, if applicable, the registered office is discontinued on the earlier of the following:
180.0503(3)(a) (a) Sixty days after the department receives the statement of resignation for filing.
180.0503(3)(b) (b) The date on which the appointment of a successor registered agent is effective.
180.0503(4) (4)When a statement of resignation takes effect, the registered agent ceases to have responsibility under this chapter for any matter thereafter tendered to it as agent for the corporation. The resignation does not affect any contractual rights the corporation has against the agent or that the agent has against the corporation.
180.0503(5) (5)A registered agent may resign with respect to a corporation whether or not the corporation is in good standing.
180.0503 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1995 a. 27; 2021 a. 258.
180.0504 180.0504 Service on corporation.
180.0504(1)(1)A corporation may be served with any process, notice, or demand required or permitted by law by serving its registered agent. The department may serve any written notice required or authorized under this chapter by e-mailing it to the registered agent's e-mail address on file with the department, and such notice shall be effective as provided in s. 180.0141.
180.0504(2) (2)Except as provided in sub. (3), if a corporation has no registered agent or its registered agent cannot with reasonable diligence be served, the corporation may be served by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or by similar delivery service, addressed to the corporation at its principal office, as shown on the records of the department on the date of sending. Service is perfected under this subsection at the earliest of the following:
180.0504(2)(a) (a) The date on which the corporation receives the mail or delivery by the commercial delivery service.
180.0504(2)(b) (b) The date shown on the return receipt, if signed on behalf of the corporation.
180.0504(2)(c) (c) Five days after it is deposited in the U.S. mail, or with the commercial delivery service, if mailed postpaid and correctly addressed and with sufficient postage or payment.
180.0504(3) (3)If process, notice, or demand in an action cannot be served on a corporation pursuant to sub. (1) or (2), service may be made by handing a copy to the individual in charge of any regular place of business or activity of the corporation if the individual served is not a plaintiff in the action. Except as provided in s. 180.1421 (2m) (b), if the address of the corporation's principal office cannot be determined from the records of the department, the corporation may be served by publishing a class 3 notice, under ch. 985, in the community where the corporation's principal office or registered office, as most recently designated in the records of the department, is located. If the address of the corporation's principal office cannot be determined from the records of the department, the corporation may be served by publishing a class 3 notice, under ch. 985, in the community where the corporation's principal office or registered office, as most recently designated in the records of the department, is located.
180.0504(3m) (3m)Service of process, notice, or demand on a registered agent must be in a written record.
180.0504(4) (4)Service of process, notice, or demand on a registered agent may be made by other means under law other than this chapter.
180.0504 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1995 a. 27; 2011 a. 234; 2021 a. 258.
180.0504 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. 801.11 (5).
subch. VI of ch. 180 SUBCHAPTER VI
SHARES AND DISTRIBUTIONS
180.0601 180.0601 Authorized shares.
180.0601(1)(1)The articles of incorporation shall prescribe the classes of shares and the number of shares of each class that the corporation is authorized to issue, except that an investment company may prescribe that each class has an indefinite number of authorized shares. If more than one class of shares is authorized, the articles of incorporation shall prescribe a distinguishing designation for each class. Before the issuance of shares of a class, the corporation shall describe in its articles of incorporation the preferences, limitations and relative rights of that class. All shares of a class shall have preferences, limitations and relative rights identical with those of other shares of the same class unless the class is divided into series.
180.0601(2) (2)The articles of incorporation may create series of shares within a class of shares, except that an investment company may prescribe that each series has an indefinite number of authorized shares. Before the issuance of shares of a series, the corporation shall describe in its articles of incorporation the number of shares of each series that the corporation is authorized to issue or that there is an indefinite number of authorized shares, a distinguishing designation for each series within a class and the preferences, limitations and relative rights of that series. All shares of a series shall have preferences, limitations and relative rights identical with those of other shares of the same series and, except to the extent otherwise provided in the description of the series, with those of other series of the same class.
180.0601(3) (3)The articles of incorporation shall authorize all of the following:
180.0601(3)(a) (a) One or more classes of shares that together have unlimited voting rights.
180.0601(3)(b) (b) One or more classes of shares, which may be the same class or classes as those with voting rights under par. (a), that together are entitled to receive the net assets of the corporation upon dissolution.
180.0601(4) (4)The articles of incorporation may authorize one or more classes of shares that have designations, preferences, limitations and relative rights that may include, but are not limited to, any of the following:
180.0601(4)(a) (a) Special, conditional or limited voting rights, or no right to vote, except to the extent prohibited by this chapter.
180.0601(4)(b) (b) Provisions for the redemption or conversion of the shares under any of the following terms specified by articles of incorporation:
180.0601(4)(b)1. 1. At the option of the corporation, the shareholder or another person, or upon the occurrence of a designated event.
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 267 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on November 16, 2022. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 16, 2022, are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-16-22)