Meets all of the driver qualifications contained in either 49 CFR 391
or in an alternative federally approved driver qualification program established by the department by rule. The department may require the applicant to show the medical certificate of physical examination required by 49 CFR 391.43
Subject to s. 343.065 (1) (b)
, meets all of the driver qualifications for drivers in intrastate commerce as established by the department by rule and is applying for a commercial driver license valid only in this state for noninterstate operation.
Notwithstanding par. (es)
, if the person is applying for a commercial driver license other than a license under s. 343.03 (3m)
, acceptable proof under 49 CFR 383.71
(b) (9) that the individual is a citizen or national of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States.
A statement as to whether the applicant is a veteran, as defined in s. 45.01 (12)
, and, if so, whether the applicant wishes to have his or her veteran status indicated on the license or identification card. If the applicant has indicated that he or she is a veteran and wishes to have his or her veteran status indicated on the license or identification card, the applicant shall provide verification from the department of veterans affairs or a county veterans service officer that the applicant is a veteran.
A statement that a form on which the applicant may indicate to law enforcement officers the existence of an invisible disability is available on the department's Internet site and at local examining centers. The department shall make available on its Internet site and at each local examining center a separate form on which an applicant may indicate that he or she has a disability that may not be immediately apparent to another. The form shall include the following statement together with a set of check boxes allowing a person to indicate that the person wishes to disclose the condition indicated by the check box. “I have an invisible disability that I wish to disclose to law enforcement officers and that may include:
Appears deaf or unable to understand.
Has difficulty speaking or communicating.
Engages in repetitive or self-stimulating behaviors such as rocking or hand flapping.
Appears anxious, nervous, or upset.
Becomes agitated due to physical contact or stressful situations.
Acts indifferent or unresponsive.
Other (provide brief description).”
The department shall inform the applicant that an indication under this paragraph will be available to law enforcement officers and employees of the department.
Notwithstanding ss. 111.321
, and 111.335
and any other provision of law, in addition to the information required under sub. (2)
, the application form for an “H" endorsement specified in s. 343.17 (3) (d) 1m.
shall include all of the information and statements required under 49 CFR 1572.5
(e), including all of the following:
A statement that the individual signing the application meets all of the following requirements:
The individual has not been convicted, or found not guilty by reason of insanity, of any disqualifying felony criminal offense described in subd. 1.
in any jurisdiction during the 7-year period preceding the date of the application.
The individual has not been released from incarceration in any jurisdiction for committing any disqualifying felony criminal offense described in subd. 1.
within the 5-year period preceding the date of the application.
The individual is not wanted or under indictment for any disqualifying felony criminal offense described in subd. 1.
The individual is a U.S. citizen who has not renounced that citizenship, or is lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the United States. If the applicant is lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the United States, the applicant shall provide the applicant's alien registration number issued by the federal department of homeland security.
A statement that the individual signing the application has been informed that s. 343.245 (2) (a) 1.
and federal regulations under 49 CFR 1572.5
impose an ongoing obligation to disclose to the department within 24 hours if the individual is convicted, or found not guilty by reason of insanity, of any disqualifying felony criminal offense described in subd. 1.
, or adjudicated as a mental defective or committed to a mental institution, while he or she holds an “H" endorsement specified in s. 343.17 (3) (d) 1m.
Notwithstanding sub. (2) (br)
and the provisions of any memorandum of understanding entered into under s. 49.857 (2)
, the applicant's social security number.
Upon receiving a completed application form for an “H" endorsement specified in s. 343.17 (3) (d) 1m.
, the department of transportation shall immediately forward the application to the federal transportation security administration of the federal department of homeland security. The department of transportation shall also inform the applicant that the applicant has a right to obtain a copy of the applicant's criminal history record by submitting a written request for that record to the federal transportation security administration.
Except as otherwise required to administer and enforce this chapter, the department of transportation may not disclose a social security number obtained from an applicant for a license under sub. (2) (bm)
to any person except to the department of children and families for the sole purpose of administering s. 49.22
, to the department of workforce development for the sole purpose of enforcing or administering s. 108.22
, to the department of revenue for the purposes of administering state taxes and collecting debt, to the driver licensing agency of another jurisdiction, or to the elections commission for the sole purpose of allowing the chief election officer to comply with the terms of the agreement under s. 6.36 (1) (ae)
The forms for application for a license or identification card or for renewal thereof shall include the information required under s. 85.103 (2)
Notwithstanding sub. (2j)
, the department may, upon request, provide to the department of health services any applicant information maintained by the department of transportation and identified in sub. (2)
, including providing electronic access to the information, for the sole purpose of verification by the department of health services of birth record information.
Except as provided in sub. (3m)
, the department shall, as part of the application process, take a digital photograph including facial image capture of the applicant to comply with s. 343.17 (3) (a) 2.
Except as provided in sub. (3m)
, no application may be processed without the photograph being taken. Except as provided in sub. (3m)
and s. 343.165 (4) (d)
, in the case of renewal licenses, the photograph shall be taken once every 8 years, and shall coincide with the appearance for examination which is required under s. 343.16 (3)
If the application for a license is processed under the exception specified in s. 343.165 (7)
, the application may be processed and the license issued or renewed without a photograph being taken of the applicant if the applicant provides to the department an affidavit stating that the applicant has a sincerely held religious belief against being photographed; identifying the religion to which he or she belongs or the tenets of which he or she adheres to; and stating that the tenets of the religion prohibit him or her from being photographed.
Subject to s. 343.17 (2)
, the department shall develop designs for licenses and identification cards which are resistant to tampering and forgery and licenses and identification cards issued on or after January 1, 1989, shall incorporate the designs required under this subsection.
No person may use a false or fictitious name or knowingly make a false statement or knowingly conceal a material fact or otherwise commit a fraud in an application for any of the following:
The department shall disseminate information to applicants for a license relating to the anatomical donation opportunity available under s. 343.175
. The department shall maintain a record of applicants who respond in the affirmative to the question under sub. (2) (g)
. In the event of the death of a person, at the request of a law enforcement officer or other appropriate person, as determined by the department, the department shall examine its record of potential donors and shall advise the law enforcement officer or other person as to whether a decedent is recorded as a potential donor.
A person may notify the department in writing at any time if he or she wishes to include his or her name in the record of potential donors maintained by the department. A donor who revokes his or her gift and who has requested that his or her name be included in the record shall request the department in writing to remove his or her name from the record.
The department shall maintain a record of applicants who file a form under sub. (2) (k)
. In the event of a request of a law enforcement officer or other appropriate person, as determined by the department, for application information, the department shall examine its record of persons who have indicated a disability that may not be immediately apparent to another and shall advise the law enforcement officer or other person as to whether the person is recorded as a person who has indicated a disability that may not be immediately apparent to another and as to any condition that has been disclosed under sub. (2) (k)
Upon request by a person, the department shall remove any information related to that person from the record under par. (a)
Any person who violates sub. (5)
may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
History: 1977 c. 29
s. 1654 (7) (a)
, (e); 1977 c. 124
; 1979 c. 306
; 1981 c. 20
; 1985 a. 227
; 1987 a. 27
; 1987 a. 403
; 1989 a. 105
; 1991 a. 269
; 1993 a. 363
; 1995 a. 113
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 93
; 2003 a. 33
; 2005 a. 25
; 2007 a. 20
, 9121 (6) (a)
; 2009 a. 180
; 2011 a. 23
; 2013 a. 17
; 2015 a. 123
; 2017 a. 59
A notice of approved deferred action status issued pursuant to the federal Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program constitutes satisfactory proof of legal presence. OAG 2-12
Application of persons under 18; liability of sponsors; release from liability; notification of juvenile violation. 343.15(1)(a)
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, the application of any person under 18 years of age for a license shall be signed and verified by either of the applicant's parents, or a stepparent of the applicant or other adult sponsor, as defined by the department by rule. The application shall be signed and verified before a traffic officer, a duly authorized agent of the department or a person duly authorized to administer oaths. A signature and verification under this paragraph may be provided electronically in a format designated by the department.
The adult sponsor under par. (a)
shall sign and verify on the application that the person under 18 years of age is enrolled in a school program or high school equivalency program and is not a habitual truant as defined in s. 118.16 (1) (a)
, has graduated from high school or been granted a declaration of high school graduation equivalency or is enrolled in a home-based private educational program, as defined in s. 115.001 (3g)
Any negligence or willful misconduct of a person under the age of 18 years when operating a motor vehicle upon the highways is imputed to the parents where both have custody and either parent signed as sponsor, otherwise, it is imputed to the adult sponsor who signed the application for such person's license. The parents or the adult sponsor is jointly and severally liable with such operator for any damages caused by such negligent or willful misconduct. The liability imputed under this paragraph is limited to a maximum total of the higher of the following:
$300,000 for all parents or adult sponsors to all parties arising from any one accident.
The limits of any insurance coverage provided to the minor under the parent's or adult sponsor's applicable insurance policies.
Any adult who signed the application of a person under the age of 18 years for a license may thereafter file with the department a verified written request that the license of such minor be canceled. Within 10 days after the receipt of such request the department shall cancel the license. When the license has been so canceled, the adult who signed the application and the parents or guardian of such minor is relieved from the liability which otherwise would be imposed under sub. (2)
by reason of having signed such application, or being a parent or guardian, insofar as any negligence or willful misconduct on the part of the minor while operating a motor vehicle subsequent to the cancellation concerned.
The department may issue a license to a person who is under 18 years of age even though an adult sponsor has not signed the application for license if such person is in one of the classes specified in this paragraph or in a substantially similar class specified by the department by rule and if a certificate of insurance to the effect that such person is covered by a motor vehicle policy of liability insurance meeting the requirements of s. 344.33
has been filed with the department. Such policy may be canceled or terminated only after notice as provided in s. 344.34
A person who does not reside with his or her parents and who is a full-time student or earning a living.
A person who is a ward of the state, county, or court and who has been placed in a foster home or in the care of a religious welfare service.
A person who is married and whose spouse is under 18 years of age.
A person who is not required to have an adult sponsor under par. (a)
shall sign and verify on the application that he or she is enrolled in a school program or high school equivalency program and is not a habitual truant as defined in s. 118.16 (1) (a)
, has graduated from high school or been granted a declaration of high school graduation equivalency or is enrolled in a home-based private educational program, as defined in s. 115.001 (3g)
When a citation for a moving traffic violation, under chs. 341
or under a local ordinance in conformity therewith, is issued to or a notice of revocation under s. 351.027
is sent to a person who is under 18 years of age and required to have a sponsor under this section, the issuing or filing agency shall, within 7 days, notify the person's sponsor or parents of the violation or notice. When the secretary suspends or revokes the operating privilege of a person who is under 18 years of age and who possesses a license and who is required to have a sponsor under this section or when the secretary receives notice that a court has suspended or revoked the operating privilege of such a person, the secretary shall, within 14 days after the suspension or revocation or receipt of the notice of suspension or revocation by the court, respectively, notify the person's sponsor or parents of the suspension or revocation.
release of a minor did not bar the plaintiff's action under sub. (2) against a sponsor. Swanigan v. State Farm Insurance Co., 99 Wis. 2d 179
, 299 N.W.2d 234
release of a minor barred an action for contribution by nonsettling defendants against a sponsor who was not joined in the action by the plaintiff. Jackson v. Ozaukee County, 111 Wis. 2d 462
, 331 N.W.2d 338
Sub. (2) does not violate the constitutional guarantees of due process or equal protection. Mikaelian v. Woyak, 121 Wis. 2d 581
, 360 N.W.2d 706
(Ct. App. 1984).
Parent sponsors are liable under this section for punitive damages assessed against their child. Evidence of the sponsors' wealth is not admissible for purposes of assessing punitive damages against an underage driver. Franz v. Brennan, 150 Wis. 2d 1
, 440 N.W.2d 562
The suspension of a minor's license does not relieve the sponsoring adult from liability if after suspension of the license the minor, while operating without a license, causes injury. Relief from liability can only be had by applying for cancellation of the license under sub. (3). Johnson v. Schlitt, 211 Wis. 2d 832
, 565 N.W.2d 305
(Ct. App. 1997), 96-1304
The scope of parental liability under this section does not extend to a child's conduct distinct from operating a vehicle. The child's shooting of a gun from a car while driving was outside the ambit of the statute. Reyes v. Greatway Insurance Co., 227 Wis. 2d 357
, 597 N.W.2d 687
Parents are both liable under this statute when one signs as a sponsor. It is irrelevant that one withdrew as the sponsor when the other signed the documents to assume sponsorship. Beerbohm v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co., 2000 WI App 105
, 235 Wis. 2d 182
, 612 N.W.2d 338
As sub. (2) (a) excludes joint legal custody under s. 767.001 (1s) from the meaning of custody under sub. (2) (b), custody in sub. (2) (b) can only mean the natural legal custody that married parents share. Because divorced parents do not share that type of custody, liability may not be imputed to the non-sponsoring parent under sub. (2) (b). LaCount v. Salkowski, 2002 WI App 287
, 258 Wis. 2d 635
, 654 N.W.2d 295
Examination of applicants; reexamination of licensed persons. 343.16(1)(1)
Required testing of knowledge and driving skills. 343.16(1)(a)1.1.
Except when examination by an authorized 3rd-party tester is permitted under pars. (b)
, the department shall examine every applicant for an operator's license, including applicants for license renewal as provided in sub. (3)
, and every applicant for authorization to operate a vehicle class or type for which the applicant does not hold currently valid authorization, other than an instruction permit.
Except as provided in sub. (2) (cm)
, the examinations of applicants for licenses authorizing operation of “Class A", “Class B", “Class C", “Class D" or “Class M" vehicles shall include both a knowledge test and an actual demonstration in the form of a driving skills test of the applicant's ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the operation of a representative vehicle.
In administering the knowledge test, the department shall attempt to accommodate any special needs of the applicant.
Except as may be required by the department for an “H" or “S" endorsement, the knowledge test is not intended to be a test for literacy or English language proficiency. This subdivision does not prohibit the department from requiring an applicant to correctly read and understand highway signs.
The department shall not administer a driving skills test to a person applying for authorization to operate “Class M" vehicles who has failed 2 previous such skills tests unless the person has successfully completed a rider course approved by the department. The department may, by rule, exempt certain persons from the rider course requirement of this paragraph. The department may not require a person who is applying for authorization to operate “Class M" vehicles and who has successfully completed a rider course approved by the Wisconsin department of transportation motorcycle safety program to hold an instruction permit under s. 343.07 (4)
prior to the department's issuance of a license authorizing the operation of “Class M" vehicles. The department may not require a person applying for authorization to operate “Class M" vehicles who holds an instruction permit under s. 343.07 (4)
to hold it for a minimum period of time before administering a driving skills test.
The driving skills of applicants for endorsements authorizing the operation of commercial motor vehicles equipped with air brakes, the transportation of passengers in commercial motor vehicles or the operation of school buses, as provided in s. 343.04 (2) (b)
, shall be tested by an actual demonstration of driving skills.
The department may endorse an applicant's commercial driver license for transporting hazardous materials requiring placarding or any quantity of a material listed as a select agent or toxin under 42 CFR 73
, subject to s. 343.125
, or for the operation of tank vehicles or vehicles towing double or triple trailers, as described in s. 343.04 (2) (a)
, or (f)
, based on successful completion of a knowledge test.
The department or an authorized 3rd-party tester may not administer a driving skills test to any applicant for an initial commercial driver license, a commercial driver license upgrade, or an initial issuance of an “H" endorsement specified in s. 343.17 (3) (d) 1m.
, “P” endorsement specified in s. 343.17 (3) (d) 3.
, or “S” endorsement specified in s. 343.17 (3) (d) 4.
who has not satisfied the entry-level training requirements contained in 49 CFR 380
, subparts F and G.
Third-party driving skills testing.
The department may contract with a person, including an agency or department of this state or its political subdivisions or another state, or a private employer of commercial motor vehicle drivers, to administer commercial motor vehicle skills tests required by 49 CFR 383.110
, examinations required to be administered under s. 343.12 (2) (h)
, abbreviated driving skills tests required by sub. (3) (b)
, or driving skills tests required by par. (a)
for authorization to operate “Class D" vehicles, or any combination of these tests and examinations. This paragraph does not apply with respect to a law enforcement agency eligible to contract with the department under par. (bm)
. A contract with a 3rd-party tester under this paragraph shall include all of the following provisions:
All tests and examinations conducted by the 3rd-party tester shall be the same as those given by the department.
The department, or the applicable federal agency or its representative with respect to testing for commercial driver licenses, may conduct random examinations, inspections, and audits of the 3rd-party tester without any prior notice.
At least biennially, the department shall conduct an on-site inspection of the 3rd-party tester to determine compliance with the contract and with department and federal standards for testing applicants for commercial driver licenses and with department standards for testing applicants for school bus endorsements and applicants for operators' licenses to operate “Class D" vehicles. The department shall also evaluate testing given by the 3rd-party tester by one of the following means:
Department employees shall take the tests and examinations actually administered by the 3rd-party tester as if the department employee were an applicant.
The department shall retest a sample of drivers who were examined by the 3rd-party tester to compare the pass and fail results.
The department shall score drivers along with the 3rd-party tester during skills tests to compare the scoring results.