84.04(1)(f) (f) "Windbreak hedge" means a narrow planting of trees or shrubs for protection against the drifting of snow or sand.
84.04(2) (2) The department may construct and maintain parking areas, including car pool parking areas, waysides, overlooks, windbreak hedges, turnouts and carry on roadside improvement along, or in close proximity with state trunk highways. These activities may be performed within highway rights-of-way and upon lands otherwise publicly owned or controlled, or on lands acquired in proximity therewith. The department may acquire lands needed for such purposes.
84.04(4) (4)
84.04(4)(a)(a) At each rest area constructed and maintained by the department along an interstate highway designated under s. 84.29 (2), the department shall, subject to pars. (b) and (c), permanently display a POW/MIA flag on an outdoor flagpole.
84.04(4)(b) (b) If a rest area described in par. (a) has fewer than 2 outdoor flagpoles, the department may display a POW/MIA flag at a suitable location indoors or, if the department determines after consultation with at least 2 of the state's veterans organizations that no suitable location indoors exists for the display of a POW/MIA flag, the department may display a poster or literature or both relating to the POW/MIA flag at a suitable location indoors in lieu of displaying the flag.
84.04(4)(c) (c) Upon receipt of sufficient contributions, including in-kind contributions, from interested parties, including any county, city, village, or town, to cover the costs of displaying POW/MIA flags or posters or literature as specified in pars. (a) and (b), the department shall display the flags or posters or literature. No state funds, other than from the receipt of contributions under this paragraph, may be expended for the display of the flags or posters or literature.
84.04(4)(d) (d) If a rest area described in par. (a) has fewer than 2 outdoor flagpoles, any facilities improvement project at the rest area commenced after April 13, 2006, shall include installation of outdoor flagpoles so that the rest area has at least 2 outdoor flagpoles.
84.05 84.05 Railroad crossing improvements. On a highway which the department has authority to construct and which crosses a railroad, if the department determines that the construction or reconstruction of a grade separation or the rearrangement or elimination of a grade crossing or other rearrangement of the highway or tracks is necessary in the interest of public safety or for convenience of public travel, the department shall make a plan of the construction proposed and an estimate of the cost thereof, including the cost of needed right-of-way; and shall endeavor to make an arrangement with all persons concerned as to all matters involved in the plan, including the portion of the cost of the contemplated work which the persons shall defray. If the department is unable to contract with the persons concerned as to the distribution and payment of the cost of the work or the maintenance thereof, the department shall lay the matter before the office of the commissioner of railroads, and the office of the commissioner of railroads shall review the proceedings and hold a hearing thereon in accordance with ss. 195.28 and 195.29, and shall fix the portion of the cost of the construction and of the maintenance which is to be paid by the persons or corporations concerned, and the portion of the cost, if any, to be paid by the public, which portion shall be paid from the transportation fund. The office of the commissioner of railroads shall determine the benefits, if any, which will inure to other highways, and apportion and charge to the units of government responsible for the construction of such other highways a fair portion of the cost.
84.05 History History: 1977 c. 29 s. 1654 (8) (b), (9) (f); 1981 c. 347 s. 80 (2); 1985 a. 187; 1993 a. 16, 123.
84.06 84.06 Highway construction.
84.06(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
84.06(1)(a) (a) Subject to par. (b), "improvement" or "highway improvement" includes all of the following:
84.06(1)(a)1. 1. Construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and processes incidental to building, fabricating, or bettering a highway or street.
84.06(1)(a)2. 2. Highway operations or activities that are life-cycle or investment driven and that are based on an asset management philosophy in which taking action adds service life by preventing or delaying deterioration of highway system functionality.
84.06(1)(b) (b) "Improvement" or "highway improvement" does not include any of the following:
84.06(1)(b)1. 1. Maintenance activities described in s. 84.07 (1).
84.06(1)(b)2. 2. The installation, replacement, rehabilitation, or maintenance of highway signs, highway lighting, or pavement markings or the maintenance of traffic control signals or intelligent transportation systems, unless incidental to building, fabricating, or bettering a highway or street.
84.06(1m) (1m)Plans. The department may prepare plans, estimates and specifications and undertake and perform all surveys, investigations and engineering work for any highway improvement within its jurisdiction. When provision has been made for the necessary funds for any such highway improvement and, if federal aid is to be utilized, when the project has been approved by the proper federal authorities, the department may proceed as provided in this section, with due regard to any applicable federal requirement or regulation.
84.06(2) (2)Bids, contracts.
84.06(2)(a)(a) All such highway improvements shall be executed by contract based on bids unless the department finds that another method as provided in sub. (3) or (4) would be more feasible and advantageous. Bids shall be advertised for in the manner determined by the department. Except as provided in s. 84.075, the contract shall be awarded to the lowest competent and responsible bidder as determined by the department. If the bid of the lowest competent bidder is determined by the department to be in excess of the estimated reasonable value of the work or not in the public interest, all bids may be rejected. The department shall, so far as reasonable, follow uniform methods of advertising for bids and may prescribe and require uniform forms of bids and contracts. Except as provided in par. (b), the secretary shall enter into the contract on behalf of the state. Every such contract is exempted from ss. 16.70 to 16.75, 16.755 to 16.82, 16.87 and 16.89, but ss. 16.528, 16.752, 16.753, and 16.754 apply to the contract. Any such contract involving an expenditure of $1,000 or more shall not be valid until approved by the governor. The secretary may require the attorney general to examine any contract and any bond submitted in connection with the contract and report on its sufficiency of form and execution. The bond required by s. 779.14 (1m) is exempt from approval by the governor and shall be subject to approval by the secretary. This subsection also applies to contracts with private contractors based on bids for maintenance under s. 84.07.
84.06(2)(b) (b) The department may designate the governing body of a city, county, village or town as its agent on behalf of the state to perform those bidding and contracting responsibilities under par. (a) that the department determines are appropriate to delegate. An agent so designated who enters into a contract under this subsection shall do so on behalf of the department and the state, and the state shall be a party to the contract. Any such contract is subject to the conditions specified for contracts entered into by the secretary. The department may authorize an agent who is designated under this paragraph to perform bidding and contracting responsibilities under par. (a) to administer the resulting contract on behalf of the state.
84.06(3) (3)Contracts with county or municipality; direct labor; materials. If the department finds that it would be more feasible and advantageous to have the improvement performed by the county in which the proposed improvement is located and without bids, the department may, by arrangement with the county highway committee of the county, enter into a contract satisfactory to the department to have the work done by the county forces and equipment. In such contract the department may authorize the county to purchase, deliver, and store materials and may fix the rental rates of small tools and equipment. The contract shall be between the county and the state and shall not be based on bids, and may be entered into on behalf of the county by the county highway committee and on behalf of the state by the secretary. Such contract is exempted from s. 779.14 and from all provisions of chs. 16 and 230, except ss. 16.753 and 16.754. If the total estimated indebtedness to be incurred exceeds $5,000 the contract shall not be valid until approved by the governor. The provisions of this subsection relating to agreements between a county and the state shall also authorize and apply to such arrangements between a city, town, or a village and the state. In such cases, the governing body of the city, town, or village shall enter into the agreement on behalf of the municipality.
84.06(4) (4)Special contracts with railroads and utilities. If an improvement undertaken by the department will cross or affect the property or facilities of a railroad or public utility company, the department may, upon finding that it is feasible and advantageous to the state, arrange to perform portions of the improvement work affecting such facilities or property or perform work of altering, rearranging, or relocating such facilities by contract with the railroad or public utility. Such contract shall be between the railroad company or public utility and the state and need not be based on bids. The contract may be entered into on behalf of the state by the secretary. Every such contract is exempted from s. 779.14 and from all provisions of chs. 16 and 230, except ss. 16.528, 16.752, 16.753, and 16.754. No such contract in which the total estimated debt to be incurred exceeds $5,000 shall be valid until approved by the governor. As used in this subsection, "public utility" means the same as in s. 196.01 (5), and includes a telecommunications carrier as defined in s. 196.01 (8m), and "railroad" means the same as in s. 195.02. "Property" as used in this subsection includes but is not limited to tracks, trestles, signals, grade crossings, rights-of-way, stations, pole lines, plants, substations, and other facilities. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to relieve any railroad or public utility from any financial obligation, expense, duty, or responsibility otherwise provided by law relative to such property.
84.06(6) (6)Excess cost. Any excess in construction cost over the funds made available for any piece of work, shall be paid from unobligated funds as the department may determine, and any balance shall be credited to the appropriation from which the work was financed.
84.06(7) (7)Inspection and payment. The department may provide for the inspection of each piece of work to insure its proper performance. All indebtedness incurred under this section for any highway improvement shall be paid out of the available funds subject, if federal aid is utilized, to any applicable federal requirement or regulation.
84.06(8) (8)Contract for materials. Whenever an improvement has been determined upon and provision has been made for fully financing the cost the department, if it concludes that a probable saving can be effected thereby, may contract for any or all of the materials to be used in the improvement and for the delivery and storage of said materials at suitable points, and pay for the same out of any funds available for the improvement.
84.06(9) (9)Cattle passes. As a part of any highway improvement or as a separate project under this section, cattle passes may be constructed at places determined to be necessary and practical.
84.06(10) (10)Study required for highway development projects. The department shall conduct a study of the costs and benefits of each major highway development project which is commenced after July 1, 1980, and funded from the appropriation under s. 20.395 (3) (bq).
84.06(11) (11)State trails. As a part of any highway improvement or as a separate project under this section, a portion of a hiking trail, cross-country ski trail, bridle trail or bicycle trail under the management of a state agency, municipality or nonprofit corporation may be incorporated into the highway right-of-way, and facilities for safe crossing of the highway may be provided.
84.06(12) (12)Borrow sites.
84.06(12)(a)(a) In this subsection:
84.06(12)(a)1. 1. "Borrow" means soil or a mixture of soil and stone, gravel, or other material suitable for use in the construction of embankments or other similar earthworks constructed as part of a state highway construction project.
84.06(12)(a)2. 2. "Borrow site" means any site from which borrow is excavated for use in a specified state highway construction project.
84.06(12)(a)3. 3. "Political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
84.06(12)(b) (b) No zoning ordinance enacted under s. 59.69, 60.61, 60.62, 61.35, or 62.23 may apply to a borrow site if all of the following apply:
84.06(12)(b)1. 1. The borrow site is located on a property near the site of the state highway construction project on which the borrow is to be used.
84.06(12)(b)2. 2. The owner of the property has consented to the establishment of the borrow site on his or her property.
84.06(12)(b)3. 3. The borrow site is used solely for the specified state highway construction project and solely during the period of construction of the specified state highway construction project.
84.06(12)(b)4. 4. The owner of the property on which the borrow site is located agrees to any noise abatement or landscaping measures required by the governing body of the political subdivision during the period of use.
84.06(12)(b)5. 5. The owner of the property on which the borrow site is located agrees to reasonably restore the site after the period of use.
84.06(12)(c) (c) This subsection does not apply to any borrow site opened for use after July 1, 2011.
84.06(13) (13)Expenditures for intelligent transportation systems and traffic control signals.
84.06(13)(a)(a) The installation, replacement, or rehabilitation of traffic control signals and intelligent transportation systems, not incidental to another highway improvement, may be funded only from the appropriations under s. 20.395 (3) (eq), (et), (ev), (eu), (ex), and (ez).
84.06(13)(b) (b) No later than September 1, 2014, and annually thereafter until September 1, 2019, the department shall prepare and submit a report under s. 13.172 (3) to the standing committees of the legislature with jurisdiction over transportation matters on the expenditures from s. 20.395 (3) (et), (eu), and (ez) and on any other pertinent information related to traffic signals and intelligent transportation systems.
84.06 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See s. 103.50 for regulation of hours of labor and wage rates under highway contracts based on bids under s. 84.06 (2).
84.06 Annotation The department of transportation may reevaluate a bidder's prior qualification or reject the lowest bid on the ground of irresponsibility of the successful bidder, but, in both instances notice and an opportunity for hearing on the reevaluation must be given to the contractor. 63 Atty. Gen. 60.
84.062 84.062 Prevailing wage.
84.062(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
84.062(1)(a) (a) "Hourly basic rate of pay" has the meaning given in s. 16.856 (1) (b).
84.062(1)(b) (b) "Prevailing hours of labor" has the meaning given in s. 16.856 (1) (e).
84.062(1)(c) (c) "Prevailing wage rate" has the meaning given in s. 16.856 (1) (f).
84.062(1)(d) (d) "Truck driver" has the meaning given in s. 16.856 (1) (j).
84.062(2) (2)Prevailing wage rates and hours of labor. No person performing the work described in sub. (2m) in the employ of a contractor, subcontractor, agent or other person performing any work on a project under a contract based on bids as provided in s. 84.06 (2) to which the state is a party for the construction or improvement of any highway may be permitted to work a greater number of hours per day or per week than the prevailing hours of labor; nor may he or she be paid a lesser rate of wages than the prevailing wage rate in the area in which the work is to be done; except that any such person may be permitted or required to work more than such prevailing hours of labor per day and per week if he or she is paid for all hours worked in excess of the prevailing hours of labor at a rate of at least 1.5 times his or her hourly basic rate of pay.
84.062(2g) (2g)Nonapplicability. This section does not apply to a single-trade project of public works, as defined in s. 16.856 (1) (g), for which the estimated project cost of completion is less than $48,000 or a multiple-trade project of public works, as defined in s. 16.856 (1) (d), for which the estimated project cost of completion is less than $100,000.
84.062(2m) (2m)Covered employees.
84.062(2m)(a)(a) Subject to par. (b), all of the following employees shall be paid the prevailing wage rate and may not be permitted to work a greater number of hours per day or per week than the prevailing hours of labor, unless they are paid for all hours worked in excess of the prevailing hours of labor at a rate of at least 1.5 times their hourly basic rate of pay:
84.062(2m)(a)1. 1. All laborers, workers, mechanics and truck drivers employed on the site of a project that is subject to this section.
84.062(2m)(a)2. 2. All laborers, workers, mechanics and truck drivers employed in the manufacturing or furnishing of materials, articles, supplies or equipment on the site of a project that is subject to this section or from a facility dedicated exclusively, or nearly so, to a project that is subject to this section by a contractor, subcontractor, agent or other person performing any work on the site of the project.
84.062(2m)(b) (b) A laborer, worker, mechanic, or truck driver who is employed to process, manufacture, pick up, or deliver materials or products from a commercial establishment that has a fixed place of business from which the establishment supplies processed or manufactured materials or products or from a facility that is not dedicated exclusively, or nearly so, to a project that is subject to this section, including any of the following, is not entitled to receive the prevailing wage rate or to receive at least 1.5 times his or her hourly basic rate of pay for all hours worked in excess of the prevailing hours of labor:
84.062(2m)(b)1. 1. A laborer, worker, mechanic or truck driver who is employed to go to the source of mineral aggregate such as sand, gravel or stone and deliver that mineral aggregate to the site of a project that is subject to this section.
84.062(2m)(b)2. 2. A laborer, worker, mechanic or truck driver who is employed to go to the site of a project that is subject to this section, pick up excavated material or spoil from the site of the project, and transport that excavated material or spoil away from the site of the project and return to the site of the project.
84.062(2m)(c) (c) A truck driver who is an owner-operator of a truck shall be paid separately for his or her work and for the use of his or her truck.
84.062(5) (5)Disclosure. If a person who is not an employee of the department or the contracting state agency contacts an employee performing the work described in sub. (2m) for the purpose of investigating compliance with this section, the person shall provide a written statement to the employee stating that the person is not affiliated with the department or the contracting state agency and disclosing the principal source of funding for the investigation.
84.062(6) (6)Contents of contracts; notification. A reference to the prevailing wage rates and the prevailing hours of labor shall be published in the notice issued for the purpose of securing bids for a project. If any contract or subcontract for a project that is subject to this section is entered into, the prevailing wage rates and the prevailing hours of labor shall be physically incorporated into and made a part of the contract or subcontract, except that for a minor subcontract, the department of administration shall prescribe under s. 16.856 (2) the method of notifying the minor subcontractor of the prevailing wage rates and prevailing hours of labor applicable to the minor subcontract. The prevailing wage rates and prevailing hours of labor applicable to a contract or subcontract may not be changed during the time that the contract or subcontract is in force. For the information of the employees working on the project, the prevailing wage rates, the prevailing hours of labor, and the provisions of subs. (2) and (7) shall be kept posted by the department in at least one conspicuous and easily accessible place on the site of the project.
84.062(7) (7)Penalties.
84.062(7)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (d), any contractor, subcontractor, or contractor's or subcontractor's agent who violates this section may be fined not more than $200 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both. Each day that a violation continues is a separate offense.
84.062(7)(b) (b) Whoever induces any person who seeks to be or is employed on any project that is subject to this section to give up, waive or return any part of the wages to which the person is entitled under the contract governing the project, or who reduces the hourly basic rate of pay normally paid to a person for work on a project that is not subject to this section during a week in which the person works both on a project that is subject to this section and on a project that is not subject to this section, by threat not to employ, by threat of dismissal from employment or by any other means is guilty of an offense under s. 946.15 (1).
84.062(7)(c) (c) Any person employed on a project that is subject to this section who knowingly permits a contractor, subcontractor or contractor's or subcontractor's agent to pay him or her less than the prevailing wage rate set forth in the contract governing the project, who gives up, waives or returns any part of the compensation to which he or she is entitled under the contract, or who gives up, waives or returns any part of the compensation to which he or she is normally entitled for work on a project that is not subject to this section during a week in which the person works both on a project that is subject to this section and on a project that is not subject to this section, is guilty of an offense under s. 946.15 (2).
84.062(7)(d) (d) Whoever induces any person who seeks to be or is employed on any project that is subject to this section to permit any part of the wages to which the person is entitled under the contract governing the project to be deducted from the person's pay is guilty of an offense under s. 946.15 (3), unless the deduction would be permitted under 29 CFR 3.5 or 3.6 from a person who is working on a project that is subject to 40 USC 3142.
84.062(7)(e) (e) Any person employed on a project that is subject to this section who knowingly permits any part of the wages to which he or she is entitled under the contract governing the project to be deducted from his or her pay is guilty of an offense under s. 946.15 (4), unless the deduction would be permitted under 29 CFR 3.5 or 3.6 from a person who is working on a project that is subject to 40 USC 3142.
84.062(8) (8)Enforcement and prosecution. The department shall require adherence to subs. (2), (2m), and (6). The department may demand and examine, and every contractor, subcontractor, and contractor's or subcontractor's agent shall keep and furnish upon request by the department, copies of payrolls and other records and information relating to compliance with this section. If requested by any person performing the work described in sub. (2m), the department shall conduct an investigation to ensure compliance with this section. Upon request of the department or upon complaint of alleged violation, the district attorney of the county in which the work is located shall investigate as necessary and prosecute violations in a court of competent jurisdiction. Section 111.322 (2m) applies to discharge and other discriminatory acts arising in connection with any proceeding under this section.
Effective date note NOTE: This section is shown as created, in part, and as renumbered from s. 103.50, in part, by 2015 Wis. Act 55, all eff. 1-1-17.
84.062 History History: 2015 a. 55 ss. 2560p, 3077h, 3077hp, 3077i, 3077j, 3077jp, 3077kp. Stats. 2015 s. 84.062.
84.063 84.063 Utility facilities relocation.
84.063(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
84.063(1)(a) (a) "Highway improvement" means a state trunk highway improvement project.
84.063(1)(b) (b) "Utility facility" means any pipe, pipeline, duct, wire line, conduit, pole, tower, equipment or other structure, whether aboveground or underground, used for any of the following:
84.063(1)(b)1. 1. The transmission or distribution of electrical power or light.
84.063(1)(b)2. 2. The transmission, distribution or delivery of heat, water, gas, sewer, telegraph or telecommunication services.
84.063(2) (2)Notification.
84.063(2)(a)(a) If a utility facility is within the right-of-way of a proposed highway improvement, the department shall identify the owner and notify the owner in writing of the proposed improvement.
84.063(2)(b) (b) Within a specified period after the date the notice is received, the utility facility owner shall provide the department with a description and the general location of each utility facility in the proposed highway improvement right-of-way.
84.063(3) (3)Plans.
84.063(3)(a)(a) If a utility facility owner provides the information required under sub. (2), the department shall send the utility facility owner at least one set of available project plans for the proposed highway improvement, including the location of the owner's existing utility facilities.
84.063(3)(b) (b) Within a specified period after receiving the project plans, the owner shall provide the department with a work plan. The period of time within which the owner is required to provide the department with a work plan shall reflect whether the utility facility owner is required to coordinate its work plan with another utility facility owner. The work plan provided by the owner shall include all of the following:
84.063(3)(b)1. 1. A copy of the project plans that verifies the location of all of the owner's existing utility facilities specified on the plans by the department and that identifies the owners' proposed location of relocated or additional utility facilities within the right-of-way of the proposed improvement.
84.063(3)(b)2. 2. A plan and a schedule of working days necessary to obtain any approval required by a governmental agency and to accomplish any proposed relocation or adjustment required by the proposed improvement.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 60 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before August 26, 2015. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 26, 2015 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-26-15)