Hold and save the United States harmless from claims for damages to any property resulting from construction of the works of the project.
Maintain and operate all the works after completion of the project in accordance with regulations prescribed by the U.S. government or any officer or agency thereof.
Power of board to levy assessments for costs. 88.23(1)(1)
In addition to the assessments for cost of construction authorized by s. 88.35
, the board may issue orders to levy assessments for costs of maintenance and repair or for any other lawful expenditures of a drainage district. All of the assessments shall be apportioned on the confirmed benefits then in effect in the district assessed.
The board may authorize one or more owners of land in a drainage district to prepare a proposed assessment for cost of construction or maintenance and repair.
Assessments made under this section are subject to ss. 88.40
. In no case may the total assessments against any land exceed the benefits assessed against that land unless an interested person agrees to pay such excess and furnishes the drainage board with sufficient security for the excess benefits or unless the assessment is for the purpose of covering the cost of repair and maintenance as defined in s. 88.63
The board may borrow money and issue notes or bonds based upon any assessments levied under this section in the same manner as for original assessments.
History: 1971 c. 67
; 1993 a. 456
Board to file annual report.
On or before December 1 of each year the board shall file with the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection; the town board or town zoning committee; the city council, plan commission, or plan committee; and the county zoning administrator, in which district territory is located, a separate report, for the preceding fiscal year, on each drainage district under the board's jurisdiction. Unless the board selects a different fiscal year and notifies the department of the selection, the board's fiscal year begins on September 1 and ends on the following August 31. All local units of government that receive the report shall consider it before making any zoning or planning decisions that may affect a drainage district that is located within its boundaries. The reports shall constitute part of the records of the districts reported on, shall be verified by the oath of one or more of the board members, and shall contain:
A statement of all bonds paid or issued during the preceding year.
A statement of all work done during the preceding year, specifying where the same was done and the cost thereof.
A statement of the district's practices and policies.
ORGANIZATION OF DRAINAGE DISTRICTS
Who may petition for organization of a drainage district. 88.27(1)(1)
Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, any of the following may petition for the organization of a drainage district under this chapter:
The owners of more than one-half in area of the lands, excluding lands owned by this state, proposed to be included within the drainage district.
The majority of landowners within the proposed drainage district, owning at least one-third in area of the lands, excluding lands owned by this state, proposed to be included within such district.
A state agency, as defined in s. 16.61 (2) (d)
, may not petition for the organization of a drainage district.
No petition having as many signers as are required by this section shall be declared void, but the court may at any time permit the petition to be amended in form and substance to conform to the facts, if the facts justify the organization of a district. All petitions for the organization of the same or substantially the same district filed prior to the hearing under s. 88.34
shall be considered by the court as one petition, and all signatures to such petitions shall be counted in determining the jurisdiction of the court.
History: 1993 a. 456
Contents of petition. 88.28(1)(1)
A petition for organization of a drainage district shall be filed with the court and shall set forth:
A description of the lands proposed to be included in the district and that they will be improved by drainage.
That the public health or public welfare will be promoted by the drainage.
A map or sketch of the area sought to be drained, with the proposed drains shown thereon.
That the cost of construction will not exceed 75 percent of the appraised benefits arising from such drainage.
A proposed name or number for the district.
The names and addresses of the owners and mortgagees of all lands in the district, so far as known to the petitioners.
A request for the organization of the drainage district.
If the purpose of such petition is the enlargement, repair or maintenance of a drain, heretofore constructed under any law of this state, the petition shall give a general description of the drain with such particulars as the petitioners deem important.
The quality and character of soils and subsoils in the proposed district.
The present agricultural value of the lands.
The kind of crops which will be grown on the land after drainage.
In lieu of meeting with the requirements of sub. (1) (d)
, the petitioners may file with the petition a written agreement that they will pay such portion of the cost of construction as exceeds 75 percent of the appraised benefits to all lands resulting from the construction of the proposed drainage works.
The petition need not be verified.
Referral of petition to board; examination of lands; hearing by board. 88.29(1)(1)
Upon receipt of a petition for organization of a drainage district the court or judge by order shall refer the petition to the drainage board and order the board to report thereon.
When a petition has been so referred to the board, the board, with the aid of an engineer having the qualifications specified in s. 88.21 (5)
, shall examine the lands described in the petition and all other lands that the board believes will be benefited or damaged by the proposed work and shall consider whether the drains as proposed in the petition are satisfactory.
The board also shall hold a hearing on the petition to ascertain the sufficiency of the signers and to hear all interested persons who desire to be heard for or against the petition.
The board shall fix a time and place of the hearing on the petition, on or conveniently near the lands described in the petition, and shall give notice of the hearing as provided in s. 88.05 (2) (b)
to the persons specified in s. 88.05 (4) (c)
The notice shall describe the lands involved and may be in substantially the following form:
“Notice is hereby given that the drainage board of .... County will meet on the .... day of ...., .... (year), at .... o'clock, .... M. at the (here describe the place of meeting) to consider the petition filed in the circuit court of .... County to drain lands among which are the following: (here describe the lands described in the petition). All persons interested may appear and be heard on the petition.
The board may adjourn the hearing to a time and place that it considers convenient or necessary. The board shall either make a public announcement of the time and place of the adjournment or give notice as provided in s. 88.05 (2) (b)
to the persons specified in s. 88.05 (4) (a)
and also by publication of the notice once in the vicinity in a newspaper qualified under ch. 985
, such publication to be not more than 20 days nor less than 10 days before the date set for the adjourned hearing.
Special procedure in cases affecting navigable waters. 88.31(1)(1)
If it is necessary to enter upon any waters that may be navigable, or to acquire and remove any dam or obstruction from the waters, or to clean out, widen, deepen or straighten any stream that may be navigable, the board shall file with the department of natural resources an application for a permit to do the work. The board shall file with the application any information that the board or the department of natural resources considers necessary. The department shall specify by rule the information to be included in an application. The application shall state that the public health or welfare will be promoted by the removal of the dam or other obstruction or by the straightening, cleaning out, deepening or widening of the waters and that other public rights in and public uses of the waters will not be materially impaired. The application shall be duly verified.
Upon receipt of the application the department of natural resources shall fix a time and place for a hearing on the application, not less than 3 nor more than 8 weeks from the date of filing, at a place convenient to the interested parties. If the application is for a permit to remove a dam, notice of the hearing shall be given to all interested persons as provided by s. 31.06
. In all other cases, the department shall direct the applicant to give notice under s. 88.05 (2) (b)
to the persons specified in s. 88.05 (4) (b)
At the hearing on the application, all interested persons may appear and be heard. The department also may make an independent investigation of the situation.
Upon the conclusion of the hearing and investigation, the department of natural resources shall grant the permit if it finds:
That the public health and welfare will be promoted by the proposed removal of the dam or other obstructions or by the proposed straightening, cleaning out, deepening or widening of such waters; and
That the proposed work is necessary to the proper operation of the proposed drainage system; and
That the proposed work will not materially impair the navigability of any such waters and will not materially impair any other public right in or public uses of such waters. The enjoyment of natural scenic beauty is declared to be a public right to be considered along with other public rights.
The department of natural resources shall grant or deny the permit within 6 weeks after the conclusion of the hearing on the application.
When granting a permit under this section the department of natural resources also shall establish the minimum level at which the affected waters may be maintained.
The department of natural resources may require the applicant for the permit to submit a plan for the work to be done in the waters in question and may amend or modify such plan before approving it. The department may at any time, on the application of any interested person, further amend such plan when the same can be done without materially impairing the navigability of any such waters and without materially impairing any other public right.
Upon granting a permit under this section, the department forthwith shall transmit to the secretary of the drainage board a copy of the permit and the relevant findings, orders and approved plans.
The Duck Creek Drainage District is exempt from the permit requirements and procedures under subs. (1)
A drainage district that is exempt from the individual and general permit requirements under s. 30.20
as specified under s. 30.20 (1g) (d)
is exempt from the permit requirements and procedures under subs. (1)
with respect to that removal.
Subject to other restrictions imposed by this chapter, a drainage board which has obtained all of the permits as required under this chapter and ch. 30
Do all acts necessary in and about the surveying, laying out, constructing, repairing, altering the course of, enlarging, clearing, deepening, widening, protecting and maintaining any drain in, through, or upon such waters, both within and beyond the limits of the drainage district; and
Procure, purchase or condemn by proceedings had under ch. 32
, riparian rights, rights of flowage, dams and waterpowers in such waters, both within and beyond the limits of the drainage district.
In all cases a drainage district is liable to the owner of riparian rights, rights of flowage, dams and waterpowers for all property taken and for all damages which may be occasioned to such property by reason of any work done on it. Such damages shall be determined either by agreement, award of damages or condemnation proceedings and shall be paid by the drainage district before the work is done in the same manner in which payments are made where lands are acquired by railroad companies under condemnation proceedings.
Report to the court. 88.32(1)(1)
Within 30 days after the final adjournment of the hearing provided for in s. 88.29
, the board shall report in writing to the court:
Whether the petition has the required number of signers;
Whether the lands described in the petition will be improved by drainage;
Whether other lands in the vicinity, draining to, from, or through the proposed drains, require drainage and if so a description of the same;
Whether the public health or public welfare will be promoted by the proposed work;
Whether the drains proposed in the petition will best accomplish the drainage prayed for and the area that should be drained;
Whether the benefits from such work will exceed the cost of construction by the required amount;
Such other facts as in the opinion of the board will aid the court in its decision upon the report.
The board may recommend to the court an increase or decrease in the area proposed in the petition to be drained. If the proposed drains are not satisfactory the board shall recommend other drains.
In determining whether public health and welfare will be promoted, the board shall include in its consideration whether the cumulative effect of such drainage over a period of time will affect the temperature of the water of lakes or streams, or will lower the water levels of lakes or streams or of the subterranean sources that supply private and public water systems, and whether the general need for the type of land that will be made available for cultivation or other purposes by such drainage is sufficiently great to warrant the possible harmful effects described above.
If the area of the proposed district exceeds 200 acres, the report shall be submitted to the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection before it is filed with the court. Within 45 days after receipt of the report, the department shall return it with a copy of the report prepared under s. 88.11 (3)
with its recommendation for approval or disapproval for the creation of the district.
The board shall attach to its report proof of the service of notice of hearing on the petition together with a copy of its minutes of such hearing.
History: 1993 a. 246
; 2007 a. 121