48.355(2)(b)7. 7. A statement of the conditions with which the child or expectant mother is required to comply.
48.355(2)(c) (c) If school attendance is a condition of an order under par. (b) 7., the order shall specify what constitutes a violation of the condition and shall direct the school board of the school district in which the child is enrolled or the governing body of the private school, as defined in s. 115.001 (3d), in which the child is enrolled, or shall request the governing body of the tribal school in which the child is enrolled, to notify the county department that is responsible for supervising the child or, in a county having a population of 750,000 or more, the department within 5 days after any violation of the condition by the child.
48.355(2)(cm)1.1. Subject to subd. 2., the court shall order the county department, the department in a county having a population of 750,000 or more, or the agency primarily responsible for providing services to the child under the dispositional order to conduct a diligent search in order to locate and provide notice of the information specified in s. 48.21 (5) (e) 2. a. to e. to all relatives of the child named under s. 48.335 (6) and to all adult relatives, as defined in s. 48.21 (5) (e) 1., of the child within 30 days after the child is removed from the custody of the child's parent unless the child is returned to his or her home within that period. The court may also order the county department, department, or agency to conduct a diligent search in order to locate and provide notice of that information to all other adult individuals named under s. 48.335 (6) within 30 days after the child is removed from the custody of the child's parent unless the child is returned to his or her home within that period. The county department, department, or agency may not provide that notice to a person named under s. 48.335 (6) or to an adult relative if the county department, department, or agency has reason to believe that it would be dangerous to the child or to the parent if the child were placed with that person or adult relative.
48.355(2)(cm)2. 2. Subdivision 1. does not apply if the search required under subd. 1. was previously conducted and the notice required under subd. 1. was previously provided under s. 48.21 (5) (e) 2.
48.355(2)(d) (d) The court shall provide a copy of a dispositional order relating to a child in need of protection or services to the child's parent, guardian, legal custodian, or trustee, to the child through the child's counsel or guardian ad litem, to the child's court-appointed special advocate, and, if the child is an Indian child who has been removed from the home of his or her parent or Indian custodian and placed outside that home, to the Indian child's Indian custodian and tribe. The court shall provide a copy of a dispositional order relating to an unborn child in need of protection or services to the expectant mother, to the unborn child's guardian ad litem, to the parent, guardian, legal custodian, or trustee of a child expectant mother, and, if the expectant mother is an Indian child, to the expectant mother's Indian custodian and tribe.
48.355(2b) (2b)Concurrent planning.
48.355(2b)(a)(a) In this subsection, "concurrent planning" means appropriate efforts to work simultaneously towards achieving more than one of the permanency goals listed in s. 48.38 (4) (fg) 1. to 5. for a child who is placed in out-of-home care and for whom a permanency plan is required under s. 48.38 (2).
48.355(2b)(b) (b) A county department, the department, in a county having a population of 750,000 or more, or the agency primarily responsible for providing services to a child under a court order shall determine, in accordance with standards established by the department, whether to engage in concurrent planning. If, according to those standards, concurrent planning is required, the county department, department, or agency shall engage in concurrent planning unless the court or permanency review panel determines under s. 48.38 (5) (c) 5m. that concurrent planning is inappropriate.
48.355(2c) (2c)Reasonable efforts standards.
48.355(2c)(a)(a) When a court makes a finding under sub. (2) (b) 6. as to whether the county department, the department, in a county having a population of 750,000 or more, or the agency primarily responsible for providing services to the child under a court order has made reasonable efforts to prevent the removal of the child from his or her home, while assuring that the child's health and safety are the paramount concerns, the court's consideration of reasonable efforts shall include, but not be limited to, whether:
48.355(2c)(a)1. 1. A comprehensive assessment of the family's situation was completed, including a determination of the likelihood of protecting the child's health, safety and welfare effectively in the home.
48.355(2c)(a)2. 2. Financial assistance, if applicable, was provided to the family.
48.355(2c)(a)3. 3. Services were offered or provided to the family, if applicable, and whether any assistance was provided to the family to enable the family to utilize the services. Examples of the types of services that may have been offered include:
48.355(2c)(a)3.a. a. In-home support services, such as homemakers and parent aides.
48.355(2c)(a)3.b. b. In-home intensive treatment services.
48.355(2c)(a)3.c. c. Community support services, such as child care, parent skills training, housing assistance, employment training, and emergency mental health services.
48.355(2c)(a)3.d. d. Specialized services for family members with special needs.
48.355(2c)(a)4. 4. Monitoring of client progress and client participation in services was provided.
48.355(2c)(a)5. 5. A consideration of alternative ways of addressing the family's needs was provided, if services did not exist or existing services were not available to the family.
48.355(2c)(b) (b) When a court makes a finding under sub. (2) (b) 6. as to whether the county department, department, in a county having a population of 750,000 or more, or agency primarily responsible for providing services to the child under a court order has made reasonable efforts to achieve the permanency goal of the permanency plan, the court's consideration of reasonable efforts shall include the considerations listed under par. (a) 1. to 5. and whether visitation schedules between the child and his or her parents were implemented, unless visitation was denied or limited by the court.
48.355(2d) (2d)Reasonable efforts not required.
48.355(2d)(a)(a) In this subsection:
48.355(2d)(a)1. 1. "Aggravated circumstances" include abandonment in violation of s. 948.20 or in violation of the law of any other state or federal law if that violation would be a violation of s. 948.20 if committed in this state, torture, chronic abuse and sexual abuse.
48.355(2d)(a)2. 2. "Sexual abuse" means any of the following:
48.355(2d)(a)2.b. b. A violation of s. 940.302 (2) if s. 940.302 (2) (a) 1. b. applies.
48.355(2d)(a)2.c. c. A violation of the law of any other state or federal law if that violation would be a violation listed under subd. 2. a. or b. if committed in this state.
48.355(2d)(b) (b) Notwithstanding sub. (2) (b) 6., the court is not required to include in a dispositional order a finding as to whether the county department, the department, in a county having a population of 750,000 or more, or the agency primarily responsible for providing services under a court order has made reasonable efforts with respect to a parent of a child to prevent the removal of the child from the home, while assuring that the child's health and safety are the paramount concerns, or a finding as to whether the county department, department, or agency has made reasonable efforts with respect to a parent of a child to achieve the permanency goal of returning the child safely to his or her home, if the court finds any of the following:
48.355(2d)(b)1. 1. That the parent has subjected the child to aggravated circumstances, as evidenced by a final judgment of conviction.
48.355(2d)(b)2. 2. That the parent has committed, has aided or abetted the commission of, or has solicited, conspired, or attempted to commit, a violation of s. 940.01, 940.02, 940.03, or 940.05 or a violation of the law of any other state or federal law, if that violation would be a violation of s. 940.01, 940.02, 940.03, or 940.05 if committed in this state, as evidenced by a final judgment of conviction, and that the victim of that violation is a child of the parent.
48.355(2d)(b)3. 3. That the parent has committed a violation of s. 940.19 (3), 1999 stats., a violation of s. 940.19 (2), (4), or (5), 940.225 (1) or (2), 948.02 (1) or (2), 948.025, 948.03 (2) (a), (3) (a), or (5) (a) 1., 2., or 3., or 948.085 or a violation of the law of any other state or federal law, if that violation would be a violation of s. 940.19 (2), (4), or (5), 940.225 (1) or (2), 948.02 (1) or (2), 948.025, 948.03 (2) (a), (3) (a), or (5) (a) 1., 2., or 3., or 948.085 if committed in this state, as evidenced by a final judgment of conviction, and that the violation resulted in great bodily harm, as defined in s. 939.22 (14), or in substantial bodily harm, as defined in s. 939.22 (38), to the child or another child of the parent.
48.355(2d)(b)3m. 3m. That the parent has committed a violation of s. 948.051 or a violation of the law of any other state or federal law, if that violation would be a violation of s. 948.051 if committed in this state, as evidenced by a final judgment of conviction, and that the victim of that violation is a child of the parent.
48.355(2d)(b)4. 4. That the parental rights of the parent to another child have been involuntarily terminated, as evidenced by a final order of a court of competent jurisdiction terminating those parental rights.
48.355(2d)(b)5. 5. That the parent has been found under s. 48.13 (2m) to have relinquished custody of the child under s. 48.195 (1) when the child was 72 hours old or younger, as evidenced by a final order of a court of competent jurisdiction making that finding.
48.355(2d)(bm) (bm) The court shall make a finding specified in par. (b) 1. to 5. on a case-by-case basis based on circumstances specific to the child and shall document or reference the specific information on which that finding is based in the dispositional order. A dispositional order that merely references par. (b) 1. to 5. without documenting or referencing that specific information in the dispositional order or an amended dispositional order that retroactively corrects an earlier dispositional order that does not comply with this paragraph is not sufficient to comply with this paragraph.
48.355(2d)(c) (c) If the court finds that any of the circumstances specified in par. (b) 1. to 5. applies with respect to a parent, the court shall hold a hearing under s. 48.38 (4m) within 30 days after the date of that finding to determine the permanency goal and, if applicable, any concurrent permanency goals for the child.
48.355(2d)(d) (d) This subsection does not affect the requirement under sub. (2) (b) 6v. that the court include in a dispositional order removing an Indian child from the home of his or her parent or Indian custodian and placing the child outside that home a finding that active efforts under s. 48.028 (4) (d) 2. have been made to prevent the breakup of the Indian child's family and that those efforts have proved unsuccessful.
48.355(2e) (2e)Permanency plans; filing; amended orders; copies.
48.355(2e)(a)(a) If a permanency plan has not been prepared at the time the dispositional order is entered, or if the court orders a disposition that is not consistent with the permanency plan, the agency responsible for preparing the plan shall prepare a permanency plan that is consistent with the order or revise the permanency plan to conform to the order and shall file the plan with the court within the time specified in s. 48.38 (3). A permanency plan filed under this paragraph shall be made a part of the dispositional order.
48.355(2e)(b) (b) Each time a child's placement is changed under s. 48.32 or 48.357, a trial reunification is ordered under s. 48.358, a consent decree is revised under s. 48.32, or a dispositional order is revised under s. 48.363 or extended under s. 48.365, the agency that prepared the permanency plan shall revise the plan to conform to the order and shall file a copy of the revised plan with the court. Each plan filed under this paragraph shall be made a part of the court order.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (b) is shown as amended eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373. Prior to 10-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (b) Each time a child's placement is changed under s. 48.357, a trial reunification is ordered under s. 48.358, or a dispositional order is revised under s. 48.363 or extended under s. 48.365, the agency that prepared the permanency plan shall revise the plan to conform to the order and shall file a copy of the revised plan with the court. Each plan filed under this paragraph shall be made a part of the court order.
48.355(2e)(c) (c) Either the court or the agency that prepared the permanency plan shall furnish a copy of the original plan and each revised plan to the child's parent or guardian, to the child or the child's counsel or guardian ad litem, to the child's court-appointed special advocate and to the person representing the interests of the public.
48.355(2m) (2m)Transitional placements. The court order may include the name of transitional placements, but may not designate a specific time when transitions are to take place. The procedures of ss. 48.357 and 48.363 shall govern when such transitions take place. However, the court may place specific time limitations on interim arrangements made for the care of the child or for the treatment of the expectant mother pending the availability of the dispositional placement.
48.355(3) (3)Parental visitation.
48.355(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), if, after a hearing on the issue with due notice to the parent or guardian, the court finds that it would be in the best interest of the child, the court may set reasonable rules of parental visitation.
48.355(3)(b)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., the court may not grant visitation under par. (a) to a parent of a child if the parent has been convicted under s. 940.01 of the first-degree intentional homicide, or under s. 940.05 of the 2nd-degree intentional homicide, of the child's other parent, and the conviction has not been reversed, set aside or vacated.
48.355(3)(b)1m. 1m. Except as provided in subd. 2., if a parent who is granted visitation rights with a child under par. (a) is convicted under s. 940.01 of the first-degree intentional homicide, or under s. 940.05 of the 2nd-degree intentional homicide, of the child's other parent, and the conviction has not been reversed, set aside or vacated, the court shall issue an order prohibiting the parent from having visitation with the child on petition of the child, the guardian or legal custodian of the child, a person or agency bound by the dispositional order or the district attorney or corporation counsel of the county in which the dispositional order was entered, or on the court's own motion, and on notice to the parent.
48.355(3)(b)2. 2. Subdivisions 1. and 1m. do not apply if the court determines by clear and convincing evidence that the visitation would be in the best interests of the child. The court shall consider the wishes of the child in making that determination.
48.355(4) (4)Termination of orders.
48.355(4)(a)(a) Except as provided under s. 48.368, an order under this section or s. 48.357 or 48.365 made before the child attains 18 years of age that places or continues the placement of the child in his or her home shall terminate one year after the date on which the order is granted unless the judge specifies a shorter period of time or the judge terminates the order sooner.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) is shown as amended eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373. Prior to 10-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (a) Except as provided under s. 48.368, an order under this section or s. 48.357 or 48.365 made before the child reaches 18 years of age that places or continues the placement of the child in his or her home shall terminate one year after the date on which the order is entered unless the judge specifies a shorter period of time or the judge terminates the order sooner.
48.355(4)(b) (b) Except as provided under s. 48.368, an order under this section or s. 48.357 or 48.365 made before the child reaches 18 years of age that places or continues the placement of the child in a foster home, group home, or residential care center for children and youth, in the home of a relative other than a parent, or in a supervised independent living arrangement shall terminate on the latest of the following dates, unless the judge specifies a shorter period or the judge terminates the order sooner:
48.355(4)(b)1. 1. The date on which the child attains 18 years of age.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 1. is shown as amended eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373. Prior to 10-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 1. The date on which the child reaches 18 years of age.
48.355(4)(b)2. 2. The date that is one year after the date on which the order is granted.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 2. is shown as amended eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373. Prior to 10-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 2. The date that is one year after the date on which the order is entered.
48.355(4)(b)3. 3. The date on which the child is granted a high school or high school equivalency diploma or the date on which the child attains 19 years of age, whichever occurs first, if the child is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent and is reasonably expected to complete the program before attaining 19 years of age.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 3. is shown as amended eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373. Prior to 10-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 3. The date on which the child is granted a high school or high school equivalency diploma or the date on which the child reaches 19 years of age, whichever occurs first, if the child is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent and is reasonably expected to complete the program before reaching 19 years of age.
48.355(4)(b)4. 4. The date on which the child is granted a high school or high school equivalency diploma or the date on which the child attains 21 years of age, whichever occurs first, if the child is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent and if an individualized education program under s. 115.787 is in effect for the child. The court may not grant an order that terminates as provided in this subdivision unless the child is 17 years of age or older when the order is granted and the child, or the child's guardian on behalf of the child, agrees to the order. At any time after the child attains 18 years of age, the child, or the child's guardian on behalf of the child, may request the court in writing to terminate the order and, on receipt of such a request, the court, without a hearing, shall terminate the order.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 4. is shown as amended eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373. Prior to 10-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 4. The date on which the child is granted a high school or high school equivalency diploma or the date on which the child reaches 21 years of age, whichever occurs first, if the child is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent and if an individualized education program under s. 115.787 is in effect for the child. The court may not enter an order that terminates as provided in this subdivision unless the child is 17 years of age or older when the order is entered and the child, or the child's guardian on behalf of the child, agrees to the order. At any time after the child reaches 18 years of age, the child, or the child's guardian on behalf of the child, may request the court in writing to terminate the order and, on receipt of such a request, the court, without a hearing, shall terminate the order.
48.355(4)(c) (c) An order under this section or s. 48.357 or 48.365 relating to an unborn child in need of protection or services that is made before the unborn child is born shall terminate one year after the date on which the order is granted unless the judge specifies a shorter period of time or the judge terminates the order sooner.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (c) is shown as amended eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373. Prior to 10-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (c) An order under this section or s. 48.357 or 48.365 relating to an unborn child in need of protection or services that is made before the unborn child is born shall terminate one year after the date on which the order is entered unless the judge specifies a shorter period of time or the judge terminates the order sooner.
48.355(4g) (4g)Termination of orders; case closure orders.
48.355(4g)(a)(a) On request of a person authorized to file a petition under par. (b) or on its own motion and on a finding that granting the request or motion would be in the best interests of the child, the court may terminate an order under this section or s. 48.357 or 48.365 before the child attains 18 years of age and grant an order determining paternity of the child, legal custody of the child, periods of physical placement with the child, visitation rights with respect to the child, or the obligation of the child's parents to provide support for the child and the responsibility of the child's parents to provide coverage of the child's health care expenses if any of the following apply:
48.355(4g)(a)1. 1. The child's parents are parties to a pending action for divorce, annulment, or legal separation, a man determined under s. 48.299 (6) (e) 4. to be the biological father of the child for purposes of a proceeding under this chapter is a party to a pending action to determine paternity of the child under ch. 767, or the child is the subject of a pending independent action under s. 767.41 or 767.43 to determine legal custody of the child or visitation rights with respect to the child.
48.355(4g)(a)2. 2. The child is the subject of an order that has been granted in an action affecting the family determining legal custody of the child, periods of physical placement with the child, visitation rights with respect to the child, or the obligation of the child's parents to provide support for the child and the responsibility of the child's parents to provide coverage of the child's health care expenses.
48.355(4g)(b) (b) The child or his or her counsel or guardian ad litem, the child's parent, guardian, legal custodian, or Indian custodian, the person or agency responsible for implementing the dispositional order, or the district attorney or corporation counsel may file a petition with the court requesting an order under par. (a) or the court, on its own motion, may propose such an order.
48.355(4g)(c) (c) The court shall hold a hearing before granting an order requested or proposed under par. (b). At least 5 days before the hearing, the court shall cause notice of the hearing, together with a copy of the request or proposal, to be provided to the child, the child's counsel or guardian ad litem, the child's parent, guardian, and legal custodian, the person or agency primarily responsible for implementing the dispositional order, the district attorney or corporation counsel, the child's court-appointed special advocate, and, if the child is an Indian child, the child's Indian custodian and tribe.
48.355(4g)(d) (d) In considering whether to grant a request or proposal for an order under par. (a), the court shall proceed as follows:
48.355(4g)(d)1. 1. If the request or proposal is for an order determining paternity of the child, the court shall determine paternity in the same manner as paternity is determined under subch. IX of ch. 767.
48.355(4g)(d)2. 2. If the request or proposal is for an order determining legal custody of the child and periods of physical placement with the child, the court shall determine legal custody and periods of physical placement in the same manner as legal custody and periods of physical placement are determined under ss. 767.41 and 767.481 and, if the child is the subject of a preexisting order that has been entered in an action affecting the family determining legal custody of the child or periods of physical placement with the child, in the same manner as legal custody and periods of physical placement are determined under ss. 767.451 and 767.461, except that the court is not required to refer the parties for mediation under s. 767.405 (5) or refer the matter for a legal custody and physical placement study under s. 767.405 (14), the parties are not required to file a parenting plan under s. 767.41 (1m), and the court may not transfer legal custody of the child to a relative or an agency under s. 767.41 (3).
48.355(4g)(d)3. 3. If the request or proposal is for an order determining visitation rights with respect to the child, the court shall determine those rights in the same manner as visitation rights are determined under ss. 767.43 and 767.44.
48.355(4g)(d)4. 4. If the request or proposal is for an order determining the obligation of the child's parents to provide support for the child and the responsibility of the child's parents to provide coverage of the child's health care expenses, the court shall determine that obligation and responsibility in the same manner as that obligation and responsibility are determined under ss. 767.511, 767.513, 767.54, 767.55, 767.57, and 767.58.
48.355(4g)(e) (e) An order under par. (a) may modify a preexisting order of a court exercising jurisdiction in an action affecting the family and shall remain in effect until modified or terminated by a court exercising that jurisdiction.
48.355(4g)(f) (f) If at the time an order under par. (a) is granted an action described in par. (a) 1. is pending or if at that time the child is the subject of a preexisting order described in par. (a) 2., the court that granted the order under par. (a) shall file a copy of the order with the court that is exercising jurisdiction in that pending action or that entered that preexisting order. On receipt of the copy of that order, the court that is exercising jurisdiction over the pending action or that granted the preexisting order shall provide a copy of that order to all parties to that pending action or to all parties that are bound by that preexisting order. The order shall become a part of the record of that pending action or the action in which the preexisting order was granted.
48.355(4g)(g)1.1. A person who is granted legal custody and periods of physical placement with a child under an order under par. (a) may seek enforcement of the order by filing a motion under s. 767.471 (3) with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court shall enforce the order in the same manner as legal custody and physical placement orders are enforced under s. 767.471.
48.355(4g)(g)2. 2. A party to a proceeding under this subsection in which legal custody and periods of physical placement with a child are determined under an order under par. (a) may seek a modification of the order by filing a petition, motion, order to show cause, or stipulation with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court may modify the order in the same manner as legal custody and physical placement orders are modified under ss. 767.451, 767.461, and 767.481.
48.355(4g)(h)1.1. A person who is granted visitation rights with respect to a child under an order under par. (a) may seek enforcement of the order by filing a motion for contempt of court under s. 767.43 (5) with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court shall enforce the order in the same manner as visitation orders are enforced under s. 767.43 (5).
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 392 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before May 10, 2016. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after May 10, 2016 are designated by NOTES. (Published 5-10-16)