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66.0703 Annotation An availability charge assessed against each condominium unit served by a sewer extension through a single connection from the condominium lot to the sewer was not levied uniformly and imposed an inequitable cost burden as compared with the benefit accruing to the petitioners and to all benefited properties. The availability charge lacked a reasonable basis because: 1) there was no nexus between the availability charge and the district's recovery of the capital cost to it to provide sanitary sewer service to individual lots; 2) other lots with multiple habitable units and were provided the same sewer service through one stub were assessed only one availability charge; and 3) there was no showing that the condominium owners received a greater benefit than was provided to other lots that were affected by the sewer extension. Steinbach v. Green Lake Sanitary District, 2006 WI 63, 291 Wis. 2d 11, 715 N.W.2d 195, 03-2245.
66.0703 Annotation This section does not require the special assessment process be completed before any work is done. Park Avenue Plaza v. City of Mequon, 2008 WI App 39, 308 Wis. 2d 439, 747 N.W.2d 703, 06-2339.
66.0703 Annotation Absent an intent to mislead, procedural deficiencies, assuming they exist, do not constitute fraud, which is expressly excluded from the 90-day period of appeal under sub. (12) (e). Rather, procedural deficiencies are precisely the type of allegations that shall be raised in an appeal under sub. (12). Emjay Investment Company v. Village of Germantown, 2011 WI 31, 333 Wis. 2d 252, 797 N.W.2d 844, 09-1714.
66.0703 Annotation Special assessments can only be levied for local improvements. If the improvement's primary purpose and effect are to benefit the public, it is not a local improvement. While general improvements grant substantially equal benefits and advantages to the property of the whole community or otherwise benefit the public at large, local improvements confer "special benefits" on property in a particular area. A special benefit has the effect of furnishing an "uncommon advantage" that either increases the services provided to the property or enhances its value. An uncommon advantage is a benefit that differs in kind rather than in degree from those benefits enjoyed by the general public. Hildebrand v. Town of Menasha, 2011 WI App 83, 334 Wis. 2d 259, 800 N.W.2d 502, 10-0897.
66.0703 Annotation Under s. 801.01 (2), chs. 801 to 847 "govern procedure and practice in circuit courts of this state in all civil actions and special proceedings . . . except where different procedure is prescribed by statute or rule." Special assessment appeals under this section are special proceedings. Nothing in this section conflicts with Wisconsin's notice pleading rules under s. 802.02 and there is no reason why the principles of notice pleading should not apply to appeals of special assessments. CED Properties LLC v. City of Oshkosh, 2014 WI 10, ___ Wis. 2d ___, ___ N.W.2d ___, 12-0005.
66.0703 Annotation State property is not subject to assessment of special charges under sub. (16). 69 Atty. Gen. 269.
66.0703 Annotation Landowners who were not treated in a discriminatory manner and did not avail themselves of the statutory right to appeal the merits of an assessment against land based on a report under sub. (2) were not deprived of due process or equal protection and could not maintain an action under the civil rights act for damages. Kasper v. Larson, 372 F. Supp. 881.
66.0703 Annotation Wisconsin special assessments. Klitzke and Edgar. 62 MLR 171 (1978).
66.0705 66.0705 Property of public and private entities subject to special assessments.
66.0705(1) (1)
66.0705(1)(a)(a) The property of this state, except that held for highway right-of-way purposes or acquired and held for purposes under s. 85.09, and the property of every county, city, village, town, school district, sewerage district or commission, sanitary or water district or commission, or any public board or commission within this state, and of every corporation, company or individual operating any railroad, telegraph, telecommunications, electric light or power system, or doing any of the business mentioned in ch. 76, and of every other corporation or company is in all respects subject to all special assessments for local improvements.
66.0705(1)(b) (b) Certificates and improvement bonds for special assessments may be issued and the lien of the special assessments enforced against property described in par. (a), except property of the state, in the same manner and to the same extent as the property of individuals. Special assessments on property described in par. (a) may not extend to the right, easement or franchise to operate or maintain railroads, telegraph, telecommunications or electric light or power systems in streets, alleys, parks or highways. The amount represented by any certificate or improvement bond issued under this paragraph is a debt due personally from the corporation, company or individual, payable in the case of a certificate when the taxes for the year of its issue are payable, and in the case of a bond according to the terms of the bond.
66.0705(2) (2) In this subsection, "assessment" means a special assessment on property of this state and "project" means any continuous improvement within overall project limits regardless of whether small exterior segments are left unimproved. If the assessment of a project is less than $50,000, or if the assessment of a project is $50,000 or more and the building commission approves the assessment under s. 66.0703 (6), the state agency which manages the property shall pay the assessment from the revenue source which supports the general operating costs of the agency or program against which the assessment is made.
66.0705 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1977 c. 418 ss. 431, 924 (48); 1983 a. 27; 1985 a. 187; 1985 a. 297 s. 76; 1987 a. 27; 1999 a. 150 s. 548; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0705.
66.0707 66.0707 Assessment or special charge against property in adjacent city, village or town.
66.0707(1) (1) A city, village or town may levy special assessments for municipal work or improvement under s. 66.0703 on property in an adjacent city, village or town, if the property abuts and benefits from the work or improvement and if the governing body of the municipality where the property is located by resolution approves the levy by resolution. The owner of the property is entitled to the use of the work or improvement on which the assessment is based on the same conditions as the owner of property within the city, village or town.
66.0707(2) (2) A city, village or town may impose a special charge under s. 66.0627 against real property in an adjacent city, village or town that is served by current services rendered by the municipality imposing the special charge if the municipality in which the property is located approves the imposition by resolution. The owner of the property is entitled to the use and enjoyment of the service for which the special charge is imposed on the same conditions as the owner of property within the city, village or town.
66.0707(3) (3) A special assessment or special charge under this section is a lien against the benefited property and shall be collected by the treasurer in the same manner as the taxes of the municipality and paid over by the treasurer to the treasurer of the municipality levying the assessment.
66.0707 History History: 1991 a. 316; 1999 a. 150 ss. 192, 550, 551; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0707.
66.0709 66.0709 Preliminary payment of improvements funded by special assessments.
66.0709(1) (1) In this section:
66.0709(1)(a) (a) "Local governmental unit" has the meaning given in s. 66.0713 (1) (c).
66.0709(1)(b) (b) "Public improvement" has the meaning given in s. 66.0713 (1) (d).
66.0709(2) (2) If it is determined that the cost of a public improvement is to be paid, in whole or in part, by special assessments against the property to be benefited by the improvement, the resolution authorizing the public improvement shall provide that the whole, or any stated proportion, or no part of the estimated aggregate cost of the public improvement, which is to be levied as special assessments, shall be paid into the treasury of the local governmental unit in cash. The public improvement may not be commenced nor any contract for the improvement let until the payment required by the resolution is paid into the treasury of the local governmental unit by the owner or persons having an interest in the property to be benefited. The payment shall be credited against the amount of the special assessments levied or to be levied against benefited property designated by the payer. If a preliminary payment is required by the resolution, the refusal of one or more owners or persons having an interest in the property to be benefited to pay any preliminary payments does not prevent the making of the improvement if the entire specified sum is obtained from the remaining owners or interested parties.
66.0709 History History: 1999 a. 150 ss. 193, 194, 506.
66.0711 66.0711 Discount on cash payments for public improvements.
66.0711(1)(1) In this section:
66.0711(1)(a) (a) "Local governmental unit" has the meaning given in s. 66.0713 (1) (c).
66.0711(1)(b) (b) "Public improvement" has the meaning given in s. 66.0713 (1) (d).
66.0711(2) (2) Every bid received for any public improvement which is not to be paid wholly in cash shall contain a provision that all payments made in cash by the local governmental unit as provided by contract or made on special assessments are subject to a specified rate of discount. The treasurer of the local governmental unit shall issue a receipt for every payment made on any special assessment, stating the date and amount of the cash payment, the discount and the total credit including the discount on a specified special assessment. The treasurer shall on the same day deliver a duplicate of the receipt to the clerk, who shall credit the specified assessments accordingly. All moneys so received shall be paid to the contractor as provided by the contract.
66.0711 History History: 1999 a. 150 ss. 202, 507, 508.
66.0713 66.0713 Contractor's certificates; general obligation-local improvement bonds; special assessment B bonds.
66.0713(1)(1) Definitions. In this section, unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context:
66.0713(1)(a) (a) "Contractor" means the person, firm or corporation performing the work or furnishing the materials, or both, for a public improvement.
66.0713(1)(am) (am) "Debt service fund" means the fund, however derived, set aside for the payment of principal and interest on contractor's certificates or bonds issued under this section.
66.0713(1)(b) (b) "Governing body" means the body or board vested by statute with the power to levy special assessments for public improvements.
66.0713(1)(c) (c) "Local governmental unit" means county, city, village, town, farm drainage board, sanitary districts, utility districts, public inland lake protection and rehabilitation districts, and all other public boards, commissions or districts, except 1st class cities, authorized by law to levy special assessments for public improvements against the property benefited by the special improvements.
66.0713(1)(d) (d) "Public improvement" means the result of the performance of work or the furnishing of materials or both, for which special assessments are authorized to be levied against the property benefited by the work or materials.
66.0713(2) (2)Payment by contractor's certificate.
66.0713(2)(a)(a) If a public improvement has been made and has been accepted by the governing body of the local governmental unit, it may issue to the contractor for the public improvement a contractor's certificate as to each parcel of land against which special assessments have been levied for the unpaid balance of the amount chargeable to the parcel, describing each parcel. The certificate shall be substantially in the following form:
$.... No. ....
(name of local governmental unit)
Contractor's certificate
For construction of ....
(name of local governmental unit)
Issued pursuant to
Section 66.0713 (2), Wis. Stats.
We, the undersigned officers of the (name of local governmental unit), certify that (name and address of contractor) has performed the work of constructing .... in .... benefiting the following premises: (insert legal description) in the (name of local governmental unit) .... County, Wisconsin, pursuant to a contract entered into by (name of local governmental unit) with .... (name of contractor), dated ...., and that .... entitled to the sum of .... dollars, the unpaid balance due for the work chargeable to the property described above.
If the unpaid balance due is not paid to the treasurer of (name of local governmental unit) before the first day of the following December, that amount shall be extended upon the tax roll of the (name of local governmental unit) against the property above described as listed in the tax roll, and collected as provided by law.
This certificate is transferable by endorsement but an assignment or transfer by endorsement is invalid unless recorded in the office of the clerk of the (name of local governmental unit) and the fact of the recording is endorsed on this certificate. The holder of this certificate has no claim upon the (Name of local governmental unit), except from the proceeds of the special assessments levied for the work against the above described land.
This certificate shall bear interest from its date to the following January 1.
Given under our hands at (name of local governmental unit), this .... day of ...., .... (year)
.... ....
(Mayor, President, Chairperson)
Countersigned:
.... ....
Clerk, (name of local governmental unit)
Assignment record
Assigned by .... .... (Original Contractor) to .... .... (Name of Assignee) of .... (Address of Assignee) .... .... (Date and signature of clerk)
66.0713(2)(b) (b) A contractor's certificate is not a liability of a local governmental unit and shall so state in boldface type printed on the face of the certificate. Upon issuance of a certificate, the clerk of the local governmental unit shall immediately deliver to the treasurer of the local governmental unit a schedule of each certificate showing the date, amount, number, date of maturity, person to whom issued and parcel of land against which the assessment is made. The treasurer shall notify, by mail, the owner of the parcel, as the owner appears on the last assessment roll, that payment is due on the certificate at the office of the treasurer, and if the owner pays the amount due, the clerk shall pay that amount to the registered holder of the certificate, and shall endorse the payment on the face of the certificate and on the clerk's record of the certificate. The clerk shall keep a record of the names of the persons, firms or corporations to whom contractor's certificates are issued and of the assignees of certificates when the assignment is known to the clerk. Assignments of contractor's certificates are invalid unless recorded in the office of the clerk of the local governmental unit and the fact of recording is endorsed on the certificate. Upon final payment of the certificate, the certificate shall be delivered to the treasurer of the local governmental unit and by the treasurer delivered to the clerk. On the first of each month, to and including December 1, the treasurer shall certify to the clerk a detailed statement of all payments made on certificates.
66.0713(2)(c) (c) If a contractor's certificate is not paid before December 1 in the year in which issued, the comptroller or clerk of the local governmental unit shall include in the statement of special assessments to be placed in the next tax roll an amount sufficient to pay the certificate, with interest from the date of the certificate to the following January 1, and the proceedings for the collection of that amount shall be the same as the proceedings for the collection of general property taxes, except as otherwise provided in this section. The delinquent taxes shall be returned to the county treasurer in trust for collection and not for credit. All moneys collected by the treasurer of the local governmental unit or by the county treasurer and remitted to the treasurer of the local governmental unit on account of the special assessments shall be delivered to the owner of the contractor's certificate on demand.
66.0713(3) (3)General obligation-local improvement bonds. For the purpose of anticipating the collection of special assessments payable in installments as provided in s. 66.0715 (3) and after the installments have been determined, the governing body may issue general obligation-local improvement bonds under s. 67.16.
66.0713(4) (4)Special assessment B bonds.
66.0713(4)(a)(a) For the purpose of anticipating the collection of special assessments payable in installments, as provided in s. 66.0715 (3) and after the installments have been determined, the governing body may issue special assessment B bonds payable out of the proceeds of the special assessments as provided in this section. The bonds are not a general liability of the local governmental unit.
66.0713(4)(b) (b) The issue of special assessment B bonds shall be in an amount not exceeding the aggregate unpaid special assessments levied for the public improvement that the issue is to finance. A separate bond shall be issued for each separate assessment and the bond shall be secured by and be payable out of only the assessment against which it is issued. The bonds shall mature in the same number of installments as the underlying special assessments. The bonds shall carry coupons equal in number to the number of special assessments. The coupons shall be detachable and entitle the owner of the bond to the payment of principal and interest collected on the underlying special assessments. The bond shall be executed as provided in s. 67.08 (1) and may be registered under s. 67.09. Each bond shall include a statement that it is payable only out of the special assessment on the particular property against which it is issued and the purpose for which the assessment was levied and other provisions that the governing body inserts.
66.0713(4)(ba) (ba) Payments of principal and interest shall conform as nearly as possible to the payments to be made on the installments of the assessment, and the principal and interest to be paid on the bonds shall not exceed the principal and interest to be received on the assessment. All collections of installments of the special assessments levied to pay for the public improvement, either before or after delinquency, shall be placed by the treasurer of the local governmental unit in a special debt service fund designated and identified for the bond issue and shall be used only for the payment of the bonds and interest of the issue. Any surplus in the debt service fund after all bonds and interest are fully paid shall be paid into the general fund.
66.0713(4)(c) (c) Special assessment B bonds shall be registered in the name of the owner on the records of the clerk of the local governmental unit that issued the bonds. Upon transfer of the ownership of the bonds the transfer shall be noted upon the bond and on the record of the clerk of the local governmental unit. Any transfer not so recorded is void and the clerk of the local governmental unit may make payments of principal and interest to the owner of the bond as registered on the books of the local governmental unit.
66.0713(4)(d) (d) Principal and interest collected on the underlying special assessments and interest collected on the delinquent special assessments and on delinquent tax certificates issued for the delinquent assessments shall be paid by the treasurer of the local governmental unit out of the debt service fund created for the issue of the bonds to the registered holder of the bonds upon the presentation and surrender of the coupons due attached to the bonds. If any installment of the special assessment entered in the tax roll is not paid to the treasurer of the local governmental unit with the other taxes, it shall be returned to the county treasurer as delinquent in trust for collection.
66.0713(4)(e) (e) If the tax certificate resulting from the delinquent special assessment is redeemed by any person other than the county, the county treasurer shall pay to the local governmental unit the full amount received for the tax certificate, including interest, and the treasurer of the local governmental unit shall then pay the amount of the remittance into a special debt service fund created for the payment of the special assessment B bonds.
66.0713(5) (5)Area-grouped special assessment B bonds.
66.0713(5)(a)(a) If the governing body determines to issue special assessment B bonds under sub. (4), it may group the special assessments levied against benefited lands and issue of the bonds against the special assessments grouped as a whole. All of the bonds shall be equally secured by the assessments without priority one over the other.
66.0713(5)(b) (b) All of the following apply to area-grouped special assessment B bonds issued under this section:
66.0713(5)(b)1. 1. For the purpose of anticipating the collection of special assessments payable in installments under this section and after the installments have been determined, the governing body may issue area-grouped special assessment B bonds payable out of the proceeds of the special assessments as provided under sub. (4). The bonds are not a general liability of the local governmental unit.
66.0713(5)(b)2. 2. The issue of the bonds shall be in an amount not exceeding the aggregate unpaid special assessments levied for the public improvement or projects which the issue is to finance. The bonds shall mature over substantially the same period of time in which the special assessment installments are to be paid. The bonds shall be bearer bonds or may be registered bonds under s. 67.09. The bonds shall be executed as provided in s. 67.08 (1) and shall include a statement that they are payable only from the special debt service fund provided for in subd. 4. and a fund created under sub. (7) for the collection and payment of the special assessment and any other provisions that the governing body deems proper to insert.
66.0713(5)(b)4. 4. All collections of principal and interest on the underlying special assessments and installments, either before or after delinquency and after issuance of a tax certificate under s. 74.57, shall be placed by the treasurer of the local governmental unit in a special debt service fund created, designated and identified for the issue of the bonds and used only for payment of the bonds and interest on the bonds to the holders of the bonds or coupons in accordance with the terms of the issue. Any surplus in the debt service fund, after all bonds and interest on the bonds are fully paid, shall be paid into the general fund.
66.0713(5)(b)5. 5. If the tax certificate is redeemed by any person other than the county, the county treasurer shall pay to the local governmental unit the full amount received for the certificate, including interest, and the treasurer of the local governmental unit shall pay the amount of the remittance into the special debt service fund created for the payment of the bonds.
66.0713(5)(b)7. 7. A holder of the bonds or of any coupons attached to the bonds has a lien against the special debt service fund created under subd. 4. for payment of the bonds and interest on the bonds and against any reserve fund created under sub. (7) and may either at law or in equity protect and enforce the lien and compel performance of all duties required by this section of the local governmental unit issuing the bonds.
66.0713(6) (6)Refunding B bonds. A local governmental unit may issue refunding B bonds to refund any outstanding special assessment B bonds issued under sub. (4) or (5). The refunding B bonds shall be secured by and payable only from the special assessments levied to pay for the public improvements financed by the bonds to be refunded, and are not a general liability of the local governmental unit. If bonds issued under sub. (4) are to be refunded, the provisions of sub. (4) (b) to (e) apply to the refunding B bonds; if bonds issued under sub. (5) are to be refunded, the provisions of sub. (5) (b) apply to the refunding B bonds. If the governing body determines that it is necessary to amend the prior assessments in connection with the issuance of refunding B bonds under this section, it may reconsider and reopen the assessments under s. 66.0703 (10). The notice and hearing under s. 66.0703 (10) may be waived under s. 66.0703 (7) (b) by the owners of the property affected. If the assessments are amended, the refunding B bonds shall be secured by and payable from the special assessments as amended. If the assessments are amended, all direct and indirect costs reasonably attributable to the refunding of the bonds may be included in the cost of the public improvements being financed. If the governing body determines to issue refunding B bonds, it may create a reserve fund for the issue under sub. (7).
66.0713(7) (7)Reserve fund for special assessment B bonds and refunding B bonds. If the governing body determines to issue special assessment B bonds under sub. (4) or refunding B bonds under sub. (6), it may establish in its treasury a fund to be designated as a reserve fund for the particular bond issue, to be maintained until the obligation is paid or otherwise extinguished. Any surplus in the reserve fund after all the bonds have been paid or canceled shall be carried into the general fund of the local governmental unit's treasury. The source of the fund shall be established either from proceeds of the bonds, the general fund of the local governmental unit's treasury or by the levy of an irrepealable and irrevocable general tax. The bonds are not a general liability of the local governmental unit.
66.0713(8) (8)Payment of B bonds from tax levy. Any local governmental unit authorized to issue special assessment B bonds, in addition to the special assessments or bond proceeds or other sources, may appropriate funds out of its annual tax levy for the payment of the bonds. The payment of the bonds out of funds from a tax levy may not be construed as constituting an obligation of the local governmental unit to make any other such appropriation.
66.0713(9) (9)Payment by local governmental unit. If a public improvement has been paid for by the local governmental unit, contractor's certificates under sub. (2), general obligation-local improvement bonds under s. 67.16, or special assessment B bonds under sub. (4) may be issued to the local governmental unit as the owner of the certificates or bonds. All of the provisions of subs. (2) and (4) and s. 67.16 applicable to the contractor or to the owner of the contractor's certificates, the general obligation-local improvement bonds or the special assessment B bonds shall be deemed to include the local governmental unit which has paid for the improvement and to which the contractor's certificates, general obligation-local improvement bonds or special assessment B bonds have been issued, except as otherwise provided in this section.
66.0713(10) (10)Legality of proceedings; conclusive evidence. After the expiration of 90 days from the date of a contractor's certificate or special assessment B bond, the certificate or bond is conclusive evidence of the legality of all proceedings up to and including the issue of the certificate or bond and prima facie evidence of the proper construction of the improvement.
66.0715 66.0715 Deferral of special assessments; payment of special assessments in installments.
66.0715(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
66.0715(1)(a) (a) "Governing body" has the meaning given in s. 66.0713 (1) (b).
66.0715(1)(b) (b) "Local governmental unit" has the meaning given in s. 66.0713 (1) (c).
66.0715(1)(c) (c) "Public improvement" has the meaning given in s. 66.0713 (1) (d).
66.0715(2) (2)Deferral.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 11, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 11, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-11-14)